Find the PHD/Doctoral Program

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) is the highest degree available and covers a wide range of subjects, including the humanities and sciences. Several universities have earned recognition for their outstanding Ph.D. programs, each excelling in specific domains. Johns Hopkins University , located in Baltimore, Maryland, is known for its strong programs in medicine, public health, and engineering, making it a sought-after destination for those interested in these fields.

In the vibrant heart of New York City, Columbia University , one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions in the United States, offers a diverse array of Ph.D. programs, spanning the arts, sciences, and humanities, catering to a wide range of academic interests. Stanford University , situated in Stanford, California, particularly shines in the fields of engineering, computer science, and business, attracting individuals eager to push the boundaries of innovation and knowledge. Meanwhile, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) , located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, enjoys a global reputation as a leader in science and technology, emphasizing its commitment to cutting-edge research and serving as an ideal destination for those with a drive to explore the frontiers of human knowledge.

Choosing the perfect Ph.D. program requires a strong dedication to a certain topic and an unwavering desire for learning, therefore it's not a task that should be taken lightly.

Find the PHD/Doctoral Program


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Which are the best colleges to pursue a Ph.D.?

Choosing a Ph.D. program is a major decision, as it requires a significant investment of time, energy, and resources. It is important to select a program that is a good fit for your interests, goals, and learning style.

It is important to note that these are just a few examples, and there are many other excellent Ph.D. programs available in the US. The best way to find the right program for you is to research your options carefully and consider factors such as your specific field of interest, the faculty's research expertise, and the program's culture and fit.

One way to narrow down your choices is to consider the top-ranked Ph.D. programs in the US. The following universities are consistently ranked among the best for Ph.D. programs, based on research funding and other factors:

  • Johns Hopkins University is a private research university located in Baltimore, Maryland. It is known for its strong programs in medicine, public health, and engineering.
  • Columbia University is a private research university located in New York City, New York. It is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the US, and it offers a wide range of Ph.D. programs in the arts, sciences, and humanities.
  • Stanford University is a private research university located in Stanford, California. It is known for its strong programs in engineering, computer science, and business.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is one of the world's leading universities for science and technology.

There are many other excellent programs available, and the best way to find the right program for you is to research your options carefully and consider your specific interests and goals.

What are the different types of doctoral degrees offered?

Different doctoral degree types are as followed:

  1. Business Administration doctorate (DBA): A highly respected professional doctorate in business and management is a doctor of business administration. Typically, it is the highest level of training that is offered in these professions. Programs often combine instruction on the processes and strategies required to conduct doctoral research in business and management with a discussion of advanced management principles and practices.
  2. Doctor of Education (EdD): The Doctor of Education (or Doctorate in Education) degree is intended for seasoned teachers and educational professionals and combines practice-based work with the chance to conduct your original research. These EdD programs are distinct from a PHD in Education that focuses solely on academic research by emphasizing the connections between educational practice. Candidates looking to advance into senior leadership or policy positions in the field of education offer the right qualification.
  3. Joint PHD and Cotutelle Programs: A joint PHD is a doctoral program that is granted in cooperation between two or more universities. These degrees, sometimes known as cotutelle PhDs, give students the chance to study at many universities while reaping the advantages of parallels between various research specialties at each institution.
  4. Programs for Integrated PHDs: A route into doctoral study for persons without a Master's degree or specializedṣ research expertise is an integrated PHD. They typically last four years and are made up of three years of PHD research followed by one year of Masters-level study.
  5. Ph.D. in engineering (EngD): A professional doctorate in engineering with a concentration on industry specialization is the Doctor of Engineering. The EngD has a sizable taught component, unlike a PHD You gain the technical and managerial abilities necessary to succeed in your future job a result. Research engineers are people pursuing an EngD. Research engineers collaborate with a collaborating business and an academic advisor to finish an independent research project that addresses a current industrial challenge.

Can you get a PhD unrelated to your undergraduate or Master’s program?

The short answer is: it doesn’t matter but the devil is in the details.

In order to pursue a PHD degree, you need a bachelor's degree.  Some students have a Master’s degree, but this is not mandatory.  In terms of field of study, there will not be any university that tells you you can’t apply for a degree because your Bachelor’s degree is in an unrelated field.  However, that could be a disadvantage to you compared to other candidates, because graduate level by definition is an advanced level of something.  At the same time, it has become more common for people to pursue a different field for their Master’s to broaden their knowledge or to change career direction.

For PHD it may be harder to go from B.A. in Political Science to PHD in Economics but if you are able to prove your interest and connect the two fields using your work experience and transferable skills, you probably will be able to convince admission that you are a strong candidate that bring in a diversity of thinking.  Again, PHD is research, so if taking an internship or project in research is something that could help your case, you will have to do so.

Is work experience required for a PHD?

The short answer is: NO.

You want to be creative and do whatever you can to prove your case and why you are a good PHD candidate for the school.  Hypothetically, if you are suddenly hoping to change the direction of your career and have not done research at all in your life, that would raise a red flag to the admission office.  In that case, taking up a research analyst position or internship is a good idea, then you can relate that to show your interest in doing academic research.

Another example is if you want to study PHD in Economics, you should make sure your math is solid, especially if you did not study math or something quantitative in your Bachelor’s.  Depending on your motivation to pursue your PHD field, just be sure to make a linkage to your previous academic or professional experience.

Can I do PHD without doing Masters or without a Graduate degree?

Sometimes students like to go for a PHD right after completing their undergraduate or graduate degree for international students. The question is can you do a PHD without having a master's degree or a graduate degree? The short answer is yes you can do it but then it varies across various universities and programs.

When it comes to choosing between PHD and Masters, let us help you dissect and understand what and how each degree is like, before deciding which to apply for.  Both degrees are huge commitments, so it’s important to consider different factors. It is not just about getting a degree. Either of those degrees will sail your career ship in a different direction

PHD programs that doesn’t require a masters degree includes the Cognitive Science, Ph.D. offered by Brown University and Biomedical Engineering PHD program offered by Georgia Institute of Technology-Main Campus.

What are the differences between a PHD and a Master’s degree?

A PHD and a Master's degree differ in several key aspects, including the level of specialization, duration of study, research requirements, and career implications.

Find the difference between a PHD and Master’s degree programs on our blog PHD Programs in US Schools 

How much does a Ph.D. cost?

At American universities, there are various scholarships specifically for the Ph.D. program. However, the average cost of a Ph.D. in the USA ranges from $28,000 to $55,000 per year, depending on the program, specialization, and university. For example, 

  1. The Department of Statistics and Data Science at Yale University offers a Ph.D. program in which students can study the fundamentals of statistical theory, probability theory, information theory, bioinformatics and genetics, classification, data mining, machine learning, neural nets, network science, optimization, statistical computing, and graphical models and methods. Ph.D. programs cost $44,500 annually and the total cost is $89,000.
  2. The University of Massachusetts-Boston offers a Ph.D. degree in information systems for data science and management. Data analytics has emerged as a key necessity in a variety of sectors, including marketing, government, and the healthcare and financial services industries. The University of Massachusetts Boston is providing a cutting-edge and adaptable Ph.D. program in this area by utilizing the faculty's capabilities in the College of Management. The overall cost is $72,970, with an average annual cost of $36,485.

How to Apply for a PHD Program?

Like any typical graduate school application, a typical PHD application process involves a few steps.  Use this as a checklist because this is the most standard of a PHD application.  It is recommended that you double-check with the school(s) you are applying to.  If you are n international, the application is nothing different but you might have to provide the financial statement.  Be sure you indicate correctly your immigration status, and apply for the correct visa.  Often you will need to submit more, and not less, than the following list:

PhD Application Process and Checklist

  • Application form: This is normally in an online format. You will need to create an account with the school you have chosen.  This is where you will be uploading your personal statement, writing sample, and resume.
  • Personal Statement: This should consist of a 2-3 page statement describing your reasons for pursuing a doctoral degree, your educational objectives (or why you choose this field of study), and your future professional objectives.  Strategies to write a winning personal statement are ultimately showing your passion and interest in your chosen field.
  • Transcripts: Official transcripts of all previous colleges, both undergraduate and graduate courses.  GPA is super important to apply for a PHD.  In other words, as you are pursuing a degree in academics, presumingly, your past academic performance has to be proven excellent.
  • GRE Score: official score reports of the last five years should be requested by you to the specific school code(s).
  • TOEFL Score: official score report from the TOEFL, addressed to the specific school code(s). Required mostly from International applicants
  • Resume: Include all relevant employments, internships, volunteer experiences, community services, etc. The key here is relevant to your application, and your chosen field of study, following a logical sense of why this field of study interests you.
  • Writing Sample: A piece of writing to show your ability to think critically, and creatively, and communicate your thoughts into written words.  If you have publications, a master’s thesis, or papers, feel free to include them.
  • References (or Letter of Recommendation): Normally 3 of them, but depending on the school.  This is crucial for PhD application because a lot of candidates go from undergraduate and their lack of professional experience is compensated by academic performance and scholarly work recommended by their advisors or previous supervisors, preferably in research if you have done so in the past.  Though it’s not all the time true because there are Master’s degree holders or working professionals who pursue PHD as well.  In either case, you are becoming a PHD to do research and academic work, so you have to demonstrate your ability to do impactful research.
  • Application Fee: Remember this is non-refundable and can be paid online.

Strategies to have a winning PHD are a little different.  As mentioned before, the career objective and motivation to pursue a PHD are more research and academic-driven than professional or graduate school.  Be sure to indicate that clearly as a theme of your application.

The test required in your PHD application is the GRE test, which is the general test.  It has verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that are not directly related to any specific field of study.  It is the baseline test that graduate schools require, for the Master’s or PhD level. It provides a standard way of scaling and comparing candidates to each other. 

There are computer-based and paper-based GRE General tests. It is advised that you plan to take the test ahead of time and spend enough time studying.

Are the GRE test scores required for PHD programs?

GRE Subject Tests are optional, or recommended, and are used to highlight your strengths in a specific field of study, such as Physics, Biology, or English; and you will choose the subject in what area of study you want to get your PHD in.  The GRE Subject Test cannot be used to replace the General Test. However, it can be used to supplement your undergraduate records, recommendation letters, etc. Some Subject Tests report sub scores that can identify the strengths and weaknesses in an individual’s profile.  It is not common that any university will require this but they wouldn’t say no if you asked.  Taking this test or not depends on how strong of you as a candidate.  You may not submit your Subject Test score if you did not score well.

The Subject Tests are given as paper-based tests worldwide three times a year, in September, October, and April.  Refer to this link to register:

Is the financial aid for PHD programs different from that of other graduate programs?

The US Department of Education gives out $150 billion in grants, work-study opportunities, and low-interest loans every year. To be considered for any type of federal aid, you must complete and submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Once you have completed this step, your school will give you a financial aid package that details the types of aid you are eligible for. Your package may include grants, fellowships, scholarships, assistantships, and loans. Grants can cover tuition and fees, books, housing and board, transportation, and computers.

The US Department of Education offers the following government grants:

  • Federal Pell Grants
  • Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants
  • Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education
  • Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grants

Online doctoral students are eligible for numerous types of financial aid, including:

  • Institutional funding
  • Federal student aid
  • Private foundation funding
  • Funding from trade groups

Many Ph.D. students also receive support from their university in addition to federal funding. Graduate assistantships and fellowships often include tuition reimbursement and stipends. Doctoral students in these positions may assist professors with their research, grade papers or exams, or participate in research teams. Doctoral students can also apply for grants and fellowships from private foundations and professional groups. The US government gives out a lot of money to help students pay for college. Online doctoral students can get this money too. There are different types of financial aid, like grants, loans, and work-study. You can apply for financial aid by filling out the FAFSA. Your school will help you figure out what type of aid you're eligible for.

The prerequisites of each program can differ greatly, though, so potential applicants should do their studies. For example,

1. University of South Florida- College of Nursing

A bachelor's through a doctoral degree program in nursing is offered at the University of South Florida College of Nursing in Tampa, Florida. Before enrollment, the student must complete the Graduate Record Examinations, hold a bachelor's degree in nursing from a recognized institution, and pass the admissions interview. Additionally, applicants must include a statement of intent, be certified vocational nurses in Florida, and have a cumulative GPA of 3.0 at the bachelor's level. Only the fall semester of each year's enrollment is open to applicants for the B.S. to the Ph.D. program at the USF College of Nursing.

2. Purdue University- School of Nuclear Engineering

The direct Ph.D. program at the School of Nuclear Engineering at Purdue University, which is situated in West Lafayette, Indiana, is a B.S. to Ph.D. program.

To be accepted into the program, applicants must pass both an exam and an interview. The student's academic history and the advisor's endorsements are taken into account while determining admission to the program. Before the Ph.D. preliminary test, engineering students may submit a letter of intent to acquire a non-thesis Master of Science degree. Typically, preliminary exams are taken during the program's final two semesters.

How long does it take to get a PHD?

A number of variables, such as the subject of study, program requirements, individual advancement, and personal circumstances, can affect how long it takes to achieve a PHD. After earning a bachelor's degree, a Ph.D. typically requires 4-6 years of full-time study. It's crucial to remember that this is only a rough estimate, and the time needed may differ.

Conducting original research and advancing the field of study are key components of PHD programs. The complexity of the study topic, data collection, data processing, and the particular program requirements can all affect how long it takes to finish the research phase.

Are there fully-funded PHD programs?

Yes, there are many fully funded PHD programs offered by the top-ranked universities. Typically, students in fully-funded Ph.D. programs receive what are known as "tuition exemptions," which cover all university tuition and other associated costs. PHD Programs with full funding might provide more than just free tuition. Most programs that are fully supported also give stipends, and some universities also provide health insurance and research funding. 

Some of the fully funded programs include the PHD in Computer Science or Computer Engineering offered by Washington University in St LouisPh.D. in Chemical Engineering offered by University of Notre Dame, and the Psychology PHD program offered by Miami University-Oxford.

Why must you get a doctoral degree? Is it worth getting a PHD degree?

A PHD  is undoubtedly valuable. With the research, knowledge, and experience you demonstrate in your research projects, regardless of the research or PHD degree you're pursuing, you can have an impact on the world. Benefits of doing a PHD program:

1. Using Research to Change the World

Passion for research is one of the motivating factors for an expected PHD student. Researching something you're passionate about might provide you with happiness and satisfaction that are priceless. All the effort was worthwhile because of what you do with this research.

2. Expand Career Possibilities

A research degree is ideal for you if you hope to work as an academic researcher or lecturer. With aPHD, you can pursue employment opportunities that you might not be able to with a bachelor's or master's degree. You can find your career doors in any industry, except for academia. Your PHD program will prepare you with all the abilities that businesses look for in career candidates.

3. Cultivate transferable skills

While pursuing a PHD , you develop several transferable skills in addition to conducting research and writing your thesis. Learning abilities that will aid you in your career for the rest of your life is one of the key advantages of getting a PHD. You can present your work at academic conferences while taking the PHD course, and you'll also gain outstanding presentation and public speaking abilities. As a PHD candidate, you also develop teaching skills because you can instruct undergraduate students.

4. Obtain Knowledge in the Selected Studying Field

A PHD signifies that you have developed proficiency in the chosen research area. By deciding on a more specialized PHD research topic of your choice, you can expand the information you earned during your master's degree. The best information is obtained through in-depth research on the subject. You can learn more about the topics and problems in the field, develop conceptual strategies, and apply those concepts through the research you perform with the help of a PHD. Decide on your area of specialization carefully because it will serve as the foundation for your entire PHD .

5. Excellent Networking Possibilities

A PHD degree gives you a fantastic opportunity to network with professionals, academics, and fellow graduates who are passionate about the same area of research as you are. Additionally, by going to international conferences, you can make new contacts for your PHD. Networking with classmates and subject-matter experts helps you learn more, gain fresher viewpoints, and get academic support when you need it. Additionally, if necessary, ties with peers may benefit you in the future when looking for employment.

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Biomedical Sciences

Columbia University - PHD program in Biomedical Sciences

Columbia University’s Coordinated Doctoral Programs in Biomedical Sciences are situated at the Irving Medical Center campus, encompassing resources and facilities from both the medical school and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. These programs ensure a comprehensive training and research experience for PhD students, guiding them as they choose their research focus. Additionally, the university fosters a nurturing environment that extends beyond academic pursuits, aiming to support every aspect of student development.

Dartmouth College - PHD program in Biomedical Sciences

The Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine offers a PhD program in Quantitative Biomedical Sciences, which full-time students typically complete in four years. Applicants to this program should have a solid foundation in calculus, statistics, and programming, or be able to demonstrate equivalent experience. In addition to being adept at calculus techniques like the differentiation and integration of multivariable functions, students should be proficient in both procedural and object-oriented programming and scripting languages, including R and Python. The curriculum for the QBS PhD degree encompasses eight mandatory core courses, which students are expected to finish within the initial two years, as well as 3.5 units of elective coursework.

Cornell University - PHD program in Biomedical Sciences

The Biomedical and Biological Sciences (BBS) PhD Program at Cornell University is an interdisciplinary initiative located within the College of Veterinary Medicine. It provides extensive training in basic and biomedical research, along with a versatile curriculum and options for clinical or translational research. In their first year, students in the PhD program have the opportunity to experience a variety of research settings through rotations in three different labs. This not only broadens their research exposure but also assists them in choosing a faculty mentor who is both interested and capable of supporting their research project financially for its entirety.

Doctoral Phd program in Biomedical Sciences

PHD/Doctoral Programs in English Literature

Harvard University - PHD program in English Literature

The English PHD program at Harvard University equips students with extensive knowledge in various areas such as literary history, cultural theory, and critical analysis. Students have the flexibility to enroll in courses beyond the department, enhancing their understanding of their selected field(s). Both the faculty and the program are dedicated to fostering a diverse academic environment, evident in the variety of thought, scholarship, and the composition of the student body.

Yale University - PHD program in English Language and Literature

The English Department at Yale provides a comprehensive program of graduate education, encompassing a broad range of studies. It facilitates combined PhD programs across various disciplines including African-American Studies, Film and Media Studies, History of Art, Early Modern Studies, and Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. Additionally, the department maintains strong connections with graduate programs in American Studies, Comparative Literature, Medieval Studies, Religious Studies, and other fields within the humanities. The department is committed to fostering an academic environment where students are encouraged to blend focused specialization with broad-based knowledge, ensuring a well-rounded educational experience.

Stanford University - PHD program in English Language and Literature

The English Department at Stanford has a storied tradition, dedicating itself to training the forthcoming generation of scholars to ascend as leaders within academia and various related domains. The department is committed to imparting knowledge and fostering a deep appreciation for the vast richness and diversity of texts in the English language. In doing so, it places a strong emphasis on both the historical context and the profound significance of British and American literature, encompassing a broad range of works. Students who complete the Ph.D. program are thoroughly prepared to engage fully in the academic community, contributing as both scholars and literary critics.

Doctoral Phd program in English Language and Literature

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Mathematics

Princeton University - PHD program in Mathematics

The Department of Mathematics at Princeton University offers a graduate program with minimal requirements but maximal research and educational opportunities. It provides a wide range of research-related courses, as well as foundational courses in various areas, assisting first-year students in bolstering their mathematical foundations. Moreover, students primarily delve into standard introductory graduate material through independent study, complemented by consultations with faculty and collaboration with peers.

Duke University - PHD program in Mathematics

The Duke Mathematics graduate program offers comprehensive research training across a broad spectrum of mathematical topics such as algebra, number theory, algebraic geometry, and analysis. Every semester, beyond the standard graduate courses, the department also offers research-level mini-courses. These short courses enhance the regular graduate curriculum, covering everything from innovative methods in established theories to the latest developments and unresolved questions in the field of mathematics.

Dartmouth College - PHD program in Mathematics

The graduate mathematics program at Dartmouth College is both selective and intimate, catering to students aiming to pursue a PhD in either pure or applied mathematics. It is designed to accommodate individuals looking forward to careers in research and teaching, as well as those planning to transition their research into the industrial sector. Recent students have delved into a range of dissertation research topics such as algebraic number theory, algebraic topology, arithmetic geometry, combinatorics, complex networks/systems, functional analysis, knot theory, logic, mathematical biology, numerical analysis, Riemannian geometry, set theory, and signal processing.

Doctoral Phd program in Mathematics and Statistics

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Data Science

Yale University - PHD program in Data Science

With a rich array of graduate programs, Yale University prepares students for excellent positions in industry, academia, and government. The university offers a Ph.D. degree in Statistics and Data Science, alongside two M.A. degrees and an M.S. degree in Statistics. Graduates, backed by this comprehensive education, have successfully secured prominent roles across various sectors. Notably, the program does not necessitate proficiency in a foreign language.

New York University - PHD program in Data Science

The mission of the Data Science PhD program at New York University's Center for Data Science (CDS) is to cultivate the next generation of data scientists, equipping them with the skills necessary to excel in both academia and industry. This is achieved through the creation of a robust data science environment that fosters methodological innovation and its successful application to various scientific and social domains. The program aims to develop leaders in data science research, ensuring they are well-prepared for distinguished careers across various sectors.

Worcester Polytechnic Institute - PHD program in Data Science

The interdisciplinary PhD in Data Science at WPI addresses the challenges posed by today’s large and complex datasets, which traditional data processing applications struggle to manage. This program is unique in that it draws from a variety of disciplines, including Computer Science, Mathematical Sciences, and the Business School, providing a comprehensive education. The curriculum and dissertation research are centered around five key areas, ensuring a well-rounded approach to data science.

The University of Tennessee-Knoxville - PHD program in Data Science

The Data Science and Engineering program, in conjunction with the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, offers graduate researchers unparalleled access to some of the most advanced data science platforms and computing resources globally. Additionally, the program provides opportunities for collaboration on computational challenges that involve uniquely large and significant data sets from around the world. Students pursuing their PhD in this program have the option to focus on data science, utilizing their skills and expertise across a diverse range of scientific research initiatives.

Doctoral Phd program in Data Science

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Psychology

Harvard University - PHD program in Psychology

The PhD program in psychology at Harvard offers two distinct tracks: clinical psychology for students specializing in that area, and a common curriculum track for those focusing on developmental, social, and cognition, brain, and behavior (CBB). To fulfill the program requirements, students in the developmental, social, and CBB tracks must successfully complete specific courses, earning a grade of B+ or higher. Additionally, statistics and proseminar courses should be finished by the conclusion of the second year of study.

Dartmouth College - PHD program in Psychology

The Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth provides a conducive environment for innovative and interdisciplinary work, thanks to the ample opportunities for communication and collaboration between various lab groups. The department is not only personable in size but also well-equipped, featuring a state-of-the-art facility with extensive laboratory space and a dedicated MRI machine for research purposes. Graduate students are actively engaged in research, and the department offers a doctoral degree program in either Psychological and Brain Science or Cognitive Neuroscience, ensuring a comprehensive training experience.

Doctoral Phd program in Psychology

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Comparative Literature

Harvard University - PhD Program in Comparative Literature 

In Harvard University’s Comparative Literature PhD program, students engage in the study of literatures across diverse historical periods and culture, acquiring proficiency in advanced research methodologies and approaches. The program offers specialized areas of study including the history of the book, multilingualism, North-South relations, digital and experimental humanities, and world literature. The student’s dissertation research benefits from the extensive resources available in the Harvard’s extraordinary library system, recognized as the world’s largest university collection, encompassing 70 libraries with an impressive aggregate of over 16 million items. 

Yale University - PhD program in Comparative Literature 

The Department of Comparative Literature at Yale University introduces students to an interdisciplinary study of literature that transcends linguistic and national boundaries. It encompasses the theory, interpretation, and critique of literature, while also exploring its intersections with various related fields such as visual and material culture, linguistics, film, psychology, law, and philosophy. Graduates with a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature are well-equipped to teach both comparative literature and the national literature(s) of their chosen area of expertise.

University of Chicago - PhD program in Comparative Literature 

The Department of Comparative Literature at the University of Chicago is dedicated to fostering a multidisciplinary, historically self-reflective, and cross-cultural exploration of cultural expressions. It provides students with the opportunity to engage in a rigorous examination of contemporary humanities challenges, which encompass questioning the boundaries and identities associated with nations and cultures. This approach also involves addressing issues surrounding literature's epistemological, ethical, and social authority, deliberating on the definition and significance of literature, and scrutinizing its interaction with various other cultural and intellectual endeavors.

Columbia University in the City of New York - PhD program in Comparative Literature 

Columbia University, situated in New York, NY, provides a fully-funded Ph.D. program in Comparative Literature. The Department of English and Comparative Literature maintains a substantial program, offering a diverse array of courses spanning both conventional and emerging areas of literary and cultural study, thereby accommodating a wide spectrum of students. All accepted students receive comprehensive financial support covering tuition, fees, and a stipend. This funding spans six years for those completing the full program or five years for students who have obtained an M.A. in literature from another institution.

Doctoral PhD programs in Comparative Literature

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Physics

Princeton University - PhD Program in Physics

Within the Department of Physics at Princeton, graduate studies are deeply rooted in research. The department sustains a dynamic research environment, with an equal dedication to theoretical and experimental investigations. While it upholds its established prowess in theoretical and experimental studies of elementary particle physics, gravity, cosmology, nuclear and atomic physics, mathematical physics, and theoretical condensed matter physics, it also nurtures emerging and expanding research groups in experimental condensed matter physics and biophysics.

Harvard University - PhD Program in Physics

The Ph.D. program in Physics at the esteemed Harvard University represents a distinguished opportunity for profound engagement with the field. As a renowned institution, Harvard receives substantial resources to provide top-tier educational facilities across all programs. This full-time doctoral program places significant emphasis on the hands-on application of innovative concepts through rigorous study and research. Students are actively encouraged to contribute novel insights and discoveries to the existing body of knowledge in their chosen area of specialization.

Yale University - PhD Program in Physics 

Yale University's Ph.D. program unites both theoretical and experimental physicists in the pursuit of scrutinizing and validating the fundamental laws governing the natural world. Their objective is to unearth novel phenomena that can underpin comprehensive and unified theoretical frameworks. The program encompasses a wide spectrum of studies, spanning theoretical and experimental research in the realms of nuclear, atomic, solid-state, and high-energy particle physics.

Stanford University - PhD Program in Physics 

Stanford University School of Medicine offers a Biomedical Physics (BMP) Ph.D. program, meticulously structured to equip students with expertise in research focused on technology applications in clinical medicine. This includes areas like radiation therapy, image-guided therapy, diagnostics, interventions, molecular imaging, and various approaches to disease detection and characterization through molecular diagnostics.

Doctoral PHD Programs in Physics

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Political Science

Yale University - PhD Program in Political Science 

The curriculum offered by the Department of Political Sciences at Yale is thoughtfully structured to provide students with ample opportunities for mastering essential tools in contemporary social science research. This encompasses a comprehensive four-course series in quantitative methodology and research design (statistics), a two-course sequence in formal theory, as well as specialized courses in experimental design, implementation, and analysis. Furthermore, students benefit from a dedicated training program in qualitative and archival methodology. The Department extends its academic offerings to include training in five substantive subfields: American Politics, Comparative Politics, International Relations, Political Economy, and Political Theory.

Stanford University - PhD Program in Political Science 

Stanford University’s PhD program’s primary objective is to nurture and educate scholars. A significant proportion of program graduates typically engage in research and educational roles at colleges or universities. The program provides an extensive array of courses and research prospects across various subfields, encompassing American Politics, Comparative Politics, International Relations, Political Theory, and Political Methodology. It centers around intimate seminar settings, where students critically analyze the subject's literature or delve into specific research issues. These seminars serve as a preparation for the comprehensive Ph.D. exam, which students are expected to complete within a two-year timeframe, and to equip them for their doctoral dissertation research.

University of Chicago - PhD Program in Political Science 

The University of Chicago's Department of Political Science holds a steadfast commitment to the education and training of its students in the field of political science. Their mission revolves around nurturing students' intellectual pursuits while providing a strong foundation in the diverse approaches and methodologies prevalent within the discipline. The Department has designed its requirements to combine research papers with coursework and examinations, all aimed at fulfilling these educational objectives.

Columbia University in the City of New York - PhD Program in Political Science 

Columbia University's Ph.D. program in political science is structured around four primary subfields: American politics, comparative politics, international relations, and political theory. Students are given the flexibility to choose both a major and minor field from within these options, or they may opt for a minor in economics or research methods. Regardless of their chosen focus, all department students are mandated to satisfy a requirement in statistical, mathematical, and analytical methodologies.

Doctoral PHD Programs in Political Science

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Astronomy

Princeton University - PhD Program in Astronomy

Princeton University's Ph.D. program in Astronomy has been structured to equip students for autonomous and pioneering research endeavors within astrophysics. The program emphasizes the importance of cultivating a comprehensive knowledge base in astrophysics, alongside specialization in a particular area of expertise. A core aspect of the program's identity lies in its collaborative, supportive, and inclusive environment, fostering an engaging community. Students benefit from extensive opportunities to engage in cutting-edge research, collaborating with an extensive body of approximately 20 faculty members, 50 postdoctoral scientists, as well as affiliates from Princeton's Plasma Physics Laboratory, Center for Statistics and Machine Learning, and the Physics Department.

Harvard University - PhD Program in Astronomy 

Harvard University's Department of Astronomy provides an extensive and diverse array of graduate opportunities, spanning theoretical, observational, and experimental research. Students partake in research activities from the outset of their program, benefiting from access to remarkable resources such as the Harvard College Observatory and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Additionally, students are afforded the unique chance to journey to the twin 6.5-meter Magellan Telescope in Chile and the 6.5-meter MMT telescope in Arizona. The department ensures six years of funding for all students, irrespective of their selected faculty advisor, with an average graduation timeline of approximately five and a half years.

Yale University - PhD Program in Astronomy 

The Ph.D. program in Astronomy at Yale provides students with access to top-tier observational and computational resources, enabling them to engage in cutting-edge research at an early stage of their academic journey. On average, Yale Astronomy students complete their Ph.D. in under six years, which is approximately a year less than the national average. Beyond the academic sphere, both Yale and its New Haven location offer a wealth of opportunities for cultural experiences, diverse dining options, and extracurricular activities. Graduate students in Yale's Astronomy program enjoy a strong sense of camaraderie, participating in planned activities like the weekly Astronomy Happy Hour, group bike rides, marathons, cookouts, as well as impromptu gatherings.

Columbia University in the City of New York - PhD Program in Astronomy 

Columbia University's Astronomy Department is an active member of the MDM consortium, overseeing the operation of 1.3 and 2.4-meter telescopes situated on Kitt Peak in Arizona. These facilities offer valuable observational resources for students while also serving as a foundation for innovative instrument development. The department's distinguished faculty members demonstrate expertise in a broad spectrum of fields, spanning theory, observations, and the creation of novel instrumentation. Their areas of proficiency encompass particle physics, cosmology, and astrophysics, alongside research in extragalactic, galactic, stellar, and exoplanetary astronomy.

Doctoral PHD Programs in Astronomy

PHD/Doctoral Programs in Cell, Cellular and Molecular Biology

Princeton University - PhD Program in Cell, Cellular and Molecular Biology 

Princeton University's Department of Molecular Biology nurtures the intellectual growth of contemporary biologists, extending a warm welcome to students with diverse educational backgrounds. Their educational program transcends the boundaries of traditional biology, providing a comprehensive and multifaceted approach to the discipline. The molecular biology department at Princeton thrives as a closely integrated community of scientists, comprising undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and faculty members with distinct yet intersecting areas of expertise. Within this vibrant environment, graduate students enjoy a wide array of advisor options, encompassing a diverse spectrum of interdisciplinary interests and research goals.

Harvard University - PhD Program in Cell, Cellular and Molecular Biology 

Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences offers a PhD in Cellular and Molecular Biology, marked by its interdisciplinary nature. Students within this program engage with a community of peers and faculty members hailing from diverse fields, including chemistry, marine biology, computational biology, and more. During the first year, students acquire a set of foundational skills, encompassing coding, the art of writing fellowships, and delivering scientific presentations to non-scientific audiences. The program fosters a sense of camaraderie among its small cohort of students, commencing each academic year with an annual trip to Cape Cod, where they convene to discuss scientific matters.

Stanford University - PhD Program in Cell, Cellular and Molecular Biology 

The research undertaken by PhD students in the Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine program at Stanford University encompasses a wide spectrum, ranging from fundamental investigations to research with translational relevance. These studies hold significant implications for advancing the field of stem cell biology and its application in regenerative medicine. Depending on their chosen thesis project and faculty mentor, students in the SCBRM PhD program draw from diverse disciplines, including but not limited to biochemistry, cell biology, developmental biology, neuroscience, genomics, materials science, bioengineering, and computer science. This doctoral program delivers an outstanding educational experience, offering both didactic instruction and substantial research opportunities in the fundamental sciences underpinning stem cell biology.

University of Pennsylvania - PhD Program in Cell, Cellular and Molecular Biology 

The Cell and Molecular Biology Graduate Group (CAMB) at the University of Pennsylvania operates as an interdisciplinary graduate program, dedicated to delivering rigorous education in contemporary cell and molecular biology. Its core mission is to equip students for future leadership roles in the realm of biomedical research. Within this comprehensive program, six distinct discipline areas are encompassed: Cancer Biology; Cell Biology, Physiology, and Metabolism; Developmental, Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology; Gene Therapy and Vaccines; Genetics and Epigenetics; and Microbiology, Virology, and Parasitology.

Doctoral PHD Programs in Cell, Cellular and Molecular Biology