For admissions to masters degree program in Chemistry at Best Universities, GRE, GPA requirements are
Masters programs in Chemistry which do not require GRE
Harvard UniversityRanked 2 in Best National University.
Chemistry and Chemical Biology
College description: The university department benefits from over 150 talented researchers in the fields of biological, inorganic, organic, physical, and theoretical chemistry.
The university expect students to take both the general GRE exam and the GRE chemistry exam.All applications will be considered with or without GRE scores.Applicants must receive a minimum score of 80 on the TOEFL or 6.5 on the IELTS.Applicants to Chemical Physics and Chemistry and Chemical Biology should follow these instructions: For the Statement of Purpose, please provide a brief statement, not exceeding 300 words, of their scientific and professional interests and objectives. For Research Accomplishments, please provide a statement, not exceeding 500 words, of their research accomplishments or current projects. Please clearly delineate the two components of this section, the statement of purpose and research accomplishments.
Yale UniversityRanked 3 in Best National University.
College description: The wide range of courses offered by the Chemistry reflects the position of chemistry as the foundation of all the molecular sciences. In addition to graduate work in chemistry, biochemistry, or health-related disciplines, the department graduates find their broad scientific training useful in fields such as technology policy, business management, and law. Chemistry is an especially appropriate major for students interested in energy research or policy and the environment.The Chemistry department offers one-term courses with no prerequisites, which are intended for non–science majors.Prerequisite courses Prerequisites common to all Chemistry degree programs include two terms of general chemistry and laboratory, single-variable calculus at the level of MATH 115, and one term of introductory physics numbered 170 or higher, or the equivalents in advanced placement, are prerequisite to all four degree programs.Introductory courses The majority of students begin with a general chemistry sequence: either CHEM 161 and 165, or CHEM 163 and 167. Any of these courses fulfill the prerequisite for general chemistry in the Chemistry major. Students who have done well in an advanced placement chemistry course or show other evidence of high achievement in science and mathematics may be given permission to start in CHEM 167.Students with a sufficiently strong background in chemistry may initiate their studies with courses in organic or physical chemistry after demonstrating proficiency on the department’s placement examination.
The Chemistry Subject GRE is optional, but strongly recommended.Three letters of recommendation are required.TOEFLStudents whose native language is not English are required to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language The requirement for the TOEFL can be waived only for applicants who will have received a baccalaureate degree, or its foreign equivalent, prior to matriculation at Yale, from a university or college where English is the primary language of instruction.
Chemistry Graduate Admissions
College description: Chemistry is the nature of matter, make it, measure it, model it. In that sense chemistry really matters it is essential to explaining all the real world. It is no wonder then that chemistry is called the Central Science. Traditionally, it is divided into subdisciplines, such as organic, inorganic, physical, biological, theoretical, and analytical, but these distinctions blur as it is increasingly appreciated how all of science, let alone chemistry, is interconnected.A deeper understanding of chemistry enables students to participate in research and studies involving biotechnology, nanotechnology, catalysis, human health, materials, earth and environmental sciences, and .In advanced labs and lectures, students build an in-depth knowledge of the molecular principles of chemistry empowering them to become molecular engineers comfortable with the methodologies necessary to solve complex problems and effectively articulate their ideas to the scientific community. Ultimately the analytical thinking and problem solving skills developed within the chemistry major make students successful candidates for a wide range of careers in chemistry and beyond, including engineering, teaching, consulting, medicine, law, science writing, and science policy.The University basic requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are discussed in the Graduate Degrees section of this bulletin.The general GRE and subject test in Chemistry is required as part of the admissions application for the Ph.D. in Chemistry.The purpose of the master program is to further develop knowledge and skills in Chemistry and to prepare students for a professional career or doctoral studies.The Ph.D. is conferred upon candidates who have demonstrated substantial scholarship and the ability to conduct independent research and analysis in the field of chemistry.
GRE Subject Test in Chemistry required.
College description: The Chemistry Education Office is also here to help!They also provide clarification Graduate Policies and Procedures.MIT ChemREFS is a group of Chemistry graduate students who are trained and certified in conflict resolution and mediation.The GSC is led by the Executive Committee and has various committees and boards to address graduate student issues.The Office of Graduate Education provides information on various fellowship aid resources.They provide information geared towards graduate students, as well as helpful information viewing and paying their bill.The Office of Graduate Education lists a number of initiatives available to reduce food insecurity. Students with families who are experiencing food insecurity may for a Family Food Grant.As Teaching Assistants, Research Assistants, or fellows paid by MIT, graduate students are considered MIT employees and can access financial information relating to their stipend online via AtlasHousing Residential Services offers many resources related to Graduate Family Housing. Get information applying for graduate housing, graduate residences, and off-campus housing.Student may also buy health insurance coverage for family members as well as waive health insurance if they have existing coverage elsewhere.The MIT Graduate Student Dental Plan is offered by MIT through Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts. It is available to all MIT graduate students enrolled in a degree-granting program.
This includes letters of recommendation and the official scores for the GREThe GRE General Exam is required. Subject GRE Exam is not required, however is strongly recommended and viewed favorably by the admissions committee.Resume CV can be entered in text, MS Word or PDF format.The university highly recommend that applicant notify their writers by November 1, to give the writer time to write and submit their letter.For applicants whose primary language is not English, their TOEFL or IELTS scores are required. Fluency is judged by both the verbal GRE score and the IELTS or TOEFL score. The minimum acceptable TOEFL score is 100 and the minimum acceptable IELTS band score is 7.0.
Dartmouth CollegeRanked 11 in Best National University.
College description: Get an MS in one year after completing their Dartmouth AB degree.Applicant don't need to be a chemistry major.Mirica, materials, organic, and analytical chemistry, sensors Jimmy Wu, organic synthesis.Prerequisite Courses: Students wishing to enter the program must demonstrate proficiency in chemistry or materials science. Such proficiency will normally be demonstrated by completing the Dartmouth College chemistry major with at least a B average prior to entering the Master’s Program. An interim evaluation will be made after each term and continuation within the Master’s Program will be recommended for those students whose work demonstrates the capacity for satisfactory independent research.Required Course Credits: During the Master’s Program, each student must pass with a grade of P or better at least eight courses from the graduate offerings in chemistry.Competency Requirement: The student must demonstrate competency in the fundamental chemistry of the specific research area.Mierke, Biophysical chemistry, high resolution NMR, peptide compound library screening, structure-based drug-design Ekaterina Pletneva, Biophysical and bioinorganic chemistry, heme proteins, fluorescence studies of protein conformational dynamics, redox chemistry Michael J.Prerequisite Courses: Students wishing to enter the program must demonstrate proficiency in each of the following areas: biochemistry, chemistry, calculus, and physics. Such proficiency will normally be demonstrated by completing the following Dartmouth College courses with at least a B grade prior to entering the Master’s Program: Mathematics 8 , Physics 13-14 , Chemistry 51-52 , Chemistry 41 , Chemistry 40 or 75, and Chemistry 76.Required Course Credits: During the Master’s Program, each student must pass with a grade of P or better at least eight courses from the offerings in biophysical chemistry.
Three letters of recommendation from scientists in either academic or industrial positions, preferably including letters from research advisors whether or not they are from the applicants' institution.The result of the verbal aptitude, quantitative aptitude, analytical aptitude, and chemistry achievement portions of the Graduate Record ExaminationAll applicants whose native language is not English and who have not had at least one year previous study in the United States, Canada, or another country where English is the native language should submit results from the Test of English as a Foreign Language or the International English Language Testing System exam.The on-line application site also allows their recommenders to upload their letters directly to the Graduate Office.
College description: Study topics in organic, inorganic and physical chemistry, with an emphasis on a practical education that is relevant to industry.Chemistry at Imperial is designed to produce chemists of the highest calibre, who are capable of pursuing a career in the chemical sciences.All of the university Chemistry courses are professionally accredited by the Royal Society of Chemistry and cover modules in inorganic, organic and physical chemistry in all years of study.Years one and two of all of the university chemistry courses follow the same core lecture module content supplemented by two ancillary modules. These modules are not always chemistry modules, and have been chosen to support specific degree programmes.All of the university Chemistry courses include a high level of laboratory experience, designed to develop the practical, analytical and theoretical skills required to work in the sector.As well as traditional synthetic chemistry labs, applicant will also be trained in measurement science, analytical chemistry and molecular modelling, helping applicant gain confidence in applying a large number of different experimental techniques.The Chemistry is currently based at Imperial South Kensington Campus.The university offer both Master in Science degrees and Bachelor of Science degrees.The university MSci degrees cover in-depth chemistry study than the university BSc degrees, making them suited to students who are considering a career in research or who may wish to progress to further study such as a PhD.The university MSci degrees also include a substantial individual project in the final year, which gives applicant the chance to work in a research environment applicant also engage with advanced research-led lecture modules.Years one and two of the university Chemistry degrees follow the same core course content, supplemented by optional modules designed to match their chosen course of study.
Scores from the GRE General Test are required. The GRE Chemistry Subject Test is recommended.All transcripts, letters of recommendation, and GRE scores should be received by January 15 to ensure full consideration.Majors in chemistry, biology, earth sciences, mathematics, or physics may as well as well-qualified individuals who will have received a BA degree.
College description: In The Chemistry of Food the university will explore the chemistry and science of nutrition, cooking, food preservation, flavoring, coloring, and aroma.The Chemistry of Clean WaterThe university will delve into the chemistry behind sustainable design with a particular eye toward how the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry and Green Engineering are applied.CHEM 110-0 Quantitative Problem Solving in Chemistry.Solution strategies for traditional word problems and their application to basic chemistry quantitative problems: dimensional analysis, chemical equations, stoichiometry, limiting reagents, gas laws, and thermochemistry.Prerequisite: permission of department by Initial Chemistry Assessment.Quantum mechanics, electronic structure, periodic properties of the elements, chemical bonding, thermodynamics, intermolecular forces, properties of solids and liquids, special topics in modern chemistry.Students may not start the sequence in this course. All Chemistry course sequences start in Fall Quarter.Solutions and colligative properties, chemical equilibrium, aqueous solution equilibria, chemical kinetics, metals in chemistry and biology, oxidation-reduction reactions and electrochemistry, special topics in modern chemistry.Chemistry laboratory techniques applied to materials science and nanotechnology, acid-base chemistry, and chemical kinetics.Quantum mechanics, electronic structure, periodic properties of the elements, chemical bonding, thermodynamics, gas laws, intermolecular forces, properties of solids and liquids, and special topics in modern chemistry.CHEM 161-0 Accelerated General Chemistry Laboratory 1.Review of mole problems and stoichiometry descriptive chemistry, elements, compounds, and inorganic reactions gas laws phase equilibria and colligative properties chemical equilibrium aqueous equilibria topics in chemical bonding and molecular structure.Thermodynamics and equilibrium chemical kinetics and mechanism electrochemistry electronic structure of the atom and quantum theory advanced topics in chemical bonding coordination compounds solid-state chemistry nuclear chemistry.CHEM 181-0 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory 1.CHEM 182-0 Advanced General Chemistry Laboratory 2.Study of the physical chemistry behind the operating principles of biosensors.CHEM 201-0 Chemistry of Nature and Culture.The chemistry of hydrocarbons and alcohols.The chemistry of aromatic, carbonyl, and nitrogen compounds characterization of organic substances by chemical and spectral methods reaction mechanisms.The chemistry of polyfunctional compounds of biological and medicinal interest.
Typically they will have a strong GPA, competitive GRE scores, and strong letters of recommendation from research advisors which demonstrate laboratory and critical thinking skills. Recommendations from laboratories, internships, or industrial settings are best.If some of their supporting materials such as GRE scores come in after the December 1st deadline that is fine.The GRE Subject Test score is not required but is strongly recommended and viewed favorably by the admissions committee.No separate application for financial aid is necessary.It is not necessary for students to ask their parents for their IRS records.If the student is leaving their institution with a Master’s degree and this is the highest possible achievement there, then he will not be viewed by the Admissions Committee as a transfer student.If applicant are an international student, TOEFL scores are valid for two years only.
Cornell UniversityRanked 15 in Best National University.
College description: The program of graduate study is designed to give broad training in the fundamentals of chemistry and in methods of research.Entering students are required to register with the Chemistry and Chemical Biology at the beginning of their first term. They consult with the Director of Graduate Studies and with their temporary Special Committee.Proficiency tests in inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry are required of all entering Ph.D. degree candidates. Remedial course work may be required of students with poor test scores.Students majoring in organic or bio-organic chemistry must prepare and defend an original research proposal, usually after passing the Admission to Candidacy examination.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: analytical chemistry biophysical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: analytical chemistry chemical physics inorganic chemistry physical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: biophysical chemistry chemical biology physical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: biophysical chemistry chemical biology.Research Interests: chemical biology, bio-organic, and organic chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: biophysical chemistry chemical biology ganic chemistry physical chemistry.Research Interests: biophysical chemistry chemical biology inorganic chemistry physical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: inorganic chemistry ganic chemistry ganometallic chemistry polymer chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: inorganic chemistry ganic chemistry ganometallic chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: biophysical chemistry chemical biology inorganic chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: chemical physics inorganic chemistry physical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: analytical chemistry inorganic chemistry physical chemistry.Research Interests: physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: chemical physics physical chemistry theoretical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: biophysical chemistry chemical physics physical chemistry theoretical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: bio-organic chemistry chemical biology ganic chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: chemical physics physical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: inorganic chemistry ganometallic chemistry physical chemistry theoretical chemistry.Research Interests: bioinorganic materials ganometallic physical theoretical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: chemical biology ganic chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: chemical physics physical chemistry polymer chemistry theoretical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: analytical chemistry chemical physics.Research Interests: Interface of Organic and materials Chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: biophysical chemistry chemical physics theoretical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: bio-organic chemistry ganic chemistry ganometallic chemistry polymer chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: chemical physics theoretical chemistry.Research Interests: materials chemistry polymer chemistry physical chemistry.Concentrations:Chemistry and Chemical Biology: analytical chemistry chemical physics inorganic chemistry ganic chemistry physical chemistry.Free Memberships for Cornell Graduate Students and Postdocs.Pause and Unplug: Yoga for Graduate and Professional Students.
Students normally conduct research during the summer and receive for this purpose.Applicants should have the equivalent of a the students.S. bachelor degree in chemistry, including courses in analytical, inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry, as well as in mathematics and physics. Applicants are required to submit scores on the GRE general test and on the GRE subject test in chemistry.Including the TOEFL or IELTS Exam for Non-Native English Applicants.TOEFL or IELTS test report must be sent to field prior to application.True scholarship also requires students to view their work and interests in the greater context of the human condition.Research: Carrying out productive research is of primary importance for a degree in C CB.Students who are accepted into the university program arrive with some degree of these qualities, but the university hope to enhance these aspects of their character.
College description: The Department is primarily housed in the connected buildings, Nieuwland Science Hall and Stepan Hall of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and in the newly opened McCourtney Hall of Molecular Science and Engineering.
TOEFL or IELTS for non-native speakers of English.
College description: The Graduate Program in Chemistry provides students with a solid foundation in chemistry, while recognizing that solutions to many important problems require interdisciplinary training.Interdisciplinary research in chemistry is available with particular emphasis on chemical biology, environmental chemistry, materials chemistry, and nanotechnology.With Vanderbilt nationally recognized medical center located a block away from chemistry labs, students in the Graduate Program in Chemistry learn to work cohesively with peers and senior scientists from across the Vanderbilt community.The Graduate Program in Chemistry provides year-round guaranteed for 5 full years, to all full-time graduate students in good standing.
If applicant have completed all parts, please encourage their recommenders to upload their supporting letters as early as possible.The university use a holistic review process and take into account their grades , GRE scores, letters of recommendation, and their statement of purpose. A Ph.D. in Chemistry is a research degree. Recommendation letters from their research mentors are very valuable.GRE ScoresThe Vanderbilt University does not require the GRE Chemistry Subject Test, but it is encouraged.The Vanderbilt University does not use minimum scores for any section of the GRE test. Similarly, the Vanderbilt University does not have a GPA minimum.The degree requirements and or course progression of these other programs differ from those of Chemistry.
Rice UniversityRanked 19 in Best National University.
College description: The BS program rigorously prepares students for advanced work in chemistry or a related discipline, and the degree requirements are consistent with the guidelines for certification by the American Chemical Society. This curriculum provides a broad and comprehensive introduction to core areas of chemistry while promoting depth of understanding in one or specific fields. BS students complete a series of foundation courses in general chemistry, analytical chemistry, biological chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry. The BA degree is a flexible program that provides a comprehensive of all areas of chemistry, including laboratory experiences, but can be coupled easily with other majors or professional career paths. Both degree programs offer students a solid background in the fundamental principles of chemistry, the properties and reactions of chemical compounds, and their uses.Graduate studies emphasize individual research together with a fundamental understanding of chemistry beyond the students’ specific interests.Bachelor of Arts Degree with a Major in Chemistry.Bachelor of Science Degree with a Major in Chemistry.Bachelor of Science Degree with a Major in Chemical Physics.This degree is jointly managed by the Chemistry and the Physics and Astronomy.Master of Arts Degree in the field of Chemistry.Doctor of Philosophy Degree in the field of Chemistry.Although students are not normally admitted to a Master of Arts degree program, graduate students may earn the MA as they work towards the PhD.Description: Provides transfer credit based on student performance on approved examinations in chemistry, such as the Chemistry Advanced Placement exam or the International Baccalaureate higher-level chemistry exams.CHEM 112 AP OTH CREDIT IN GENERAL CHEMISTRY II.CHEM 114 AP OTH CREDIT IN GENERAL CHEMISTRY LAB II.Description: Introduction of chemical phenomena emphasizing problems and methods in Chemistry.
For example, applicant can optionally upload a Statement of Purpose.In addition, there is an area to upload their Resume or Curriculum VitaeLetters of Recommendation A minimum of three letters of recommendation are required.Applicants may track the status of their recommendations through the application status page. Applicants may also add and remove recommendations via the application status page.Required Standardized Tests Rice University requires all applicants to provide Graduate Record Examination General Test scores. Although the subject GRE is not required, a strong performance on that exam is a substantial positive. Because the subject GRE is standardized around the world, it is a useful format in which to demonstrate broad knowledge chemistry, and it is a key criterion used to evaluate international students.The Test of English as a Foreign Language is required of any student whose native language is not English. The TOEFL and the IELTS are not required for the students.S. Citizens, nor for international students who earned a degree from a university in which English is the official language of communication. Students must score at least 90 on the iBT TOEFL, at least 600 on the paper-based TOEFL, or at least 250 on the computer-based TOEFL. For students who choose to take the IELTS in lieu of TOEFL, the minimum score is 7.
Chemistry University of California, Berkeley
College description: There are lecture courses in the general areas of inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. The department offers many specialized courses, including analytical, nuclear, and biophysical chemistry, and chemical biology. In other cases, data analysis and graphics displays are accomplished using the College of Chemistry Computer Facility.The Chemistry Library has an excellent collection of books, journals, and reference materials. Graduate student instructors, who are themselves graduate students working toward PhD degrees, are further sources of scientific information and help. They are also willing to discuss chemistry, science, career opportunities, and even philosophy.Graduate study at Berkeley is mainly individual learning in a research field chosen by the student. Courses are normally taken only during the first two years, but seminars are a rich source of new knowledge throughout the entire graduate career. All graduate students are required to be graduate student instructors for a minimum of three semesters. For graduate students is provided by graduate student instructor positions, research assistantships, and fellowships.There is currently an active graduate student organization whose membership includes all graduate students in the college.Chemistry: BA , BS , MinorChemical Biology: BS.Topics cover the Chemistry 1A curriculum, ranging from quantum mechanics and interactions of atoms and molecules to properties and equilibria of bulk materials.
If the applicant comes from a country or political entity where English is not the official language, adequate proficiency in English to do graduate work, as evidenced by a TOEFL score of at least 90 on the iBT test, 570 on the paper-and-pencil test, or an IELTS Band score of at least 7 on a 9-point scale and.Applicants may only to one single degree program or one concurrent degree program per admission cycle.Letters of recommendation: Applicants may request letters of recommendation through the application system. Hard copies of recommendation letters must be sent directly to the program, not the Graduate Division.Official TOEFL score reports must be sent directly from Educational Test Services TOEFL and IELTS score reports are only valid for two years.The Requirements for a PhD Degree in Chemistry.Prerequisites: Junior standing, overall GPA 3.1, and consent of instructor.May not be used for unit or residence requirements for the doctoral degree.Individual Study for Doctoral Students:
Emory UniversityRanked 21 in Best National University.
College description: Research and teaching labs in chemistry have suspended operations.The Emory chemistry community is still responding with creativity and compassion to challenge, distinguishing themselves as researchers, science communicators, and educators as they respond to the threat of COVID-19.In the Jui Group, three of the lab founding graduate members defended their dissertations this month. Autumn Flynn was the last to defend in person on March 12th. He was able to Zoom the event from the chemistry seminar room on campus.All three Jui Group students are among the Emory chemists who will graduate this Spring with their hard-earned PhD.Prof of Chemistry at Emory University.Safety glasses and gloves form the core of chemistry Personal Protective Equipment, or PPE. The chemistry stockroom has closed to the public as of Monday, March 23rd.Graduate alum and current Emory assistant scientist Samantha Iamurri’s everyday research focuses on exploring an enzyme superfamily in search of novel enzymes which could potentially be used to synthesize compounds used in the food, fragrance, and pharmaceutical industries. Last week, Iamurri translated this chemistry expertise into a partnership with local brewery Old Fourth Distillery as they switched their production efforts to making hand sanitizer in order to combat ongoing shortages for emergency workers.Whether troubleshooting Zoom calls or sharing jokes and pet photos online, every member of the chemistry community is contributing to the fight against COVID-19 by responding to the call for social distancing.
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College description: It is one of the aims of the department that the university students are encouraged to develop broad perspectives in chemistry, rather than to become narrow specialists.Graduate students begin research in their first year and receive considerable individual attention — the objective being to produce graduates of the highest quality.Original research is the most important part of graduate study at Georgetown. The proximity of the nation’s largest and best national laboratories affords the university graduate students opportunities not possible elsewhere.Almost all chemistry students in good standing are supported through teaching and research assistantships, research fellowships and or scholarships during their entire graduate study.Proficiency can be demonstrated by the receipt of a bachelor’s or advanced degree from an accredited institution of higher education in the United States or from a university where English is the primary language of instructionDuring their first semester, graduate students will take three courses during the next three semesters students complete four additional courses chosen in consultation with their mentor.Seminar participation and research will complete the 32-credit requirementAll graduate students are expected to attend and participate in at least one seminar per week from among the several seminar programs in the department.In the second and third years of graduate studies, students take two comprehensive examinations the first consisting of a paper the student’s ongoing research project and an oral defense, and the second entailing a written proposal on an original research topic and an oral defense.
Applicant must arrange to have three letters of recommendation sent to accompany their application. If applicant are seeking to transfer from one graduate program to Georgetown’s graduate program, at least one letter should come from each graduate institution applicant have attended.If applicable, please account for any time since their graduation by attaching a resume or curriculum vitae.While an official GRE score report from ETS is required, applicant may include a photocopy of their GRE scores with their application to expedite the review of their application.Proficiency can be demonstrated by the receipt of a bachelor’s or advanced degree from an accredited institution of higher education in the United States or from a university where English is the primary language of instruction. All other non-native speakers must achieve a minimum score on either the TOEFL or the IELTS. TOEFL and IELTS results will not be accepted if they were not achieved within the last two years.To be competitive, candidates taking the TOEFL should have a minimum score of 600 , 250 , or 100