For admissions to masters degree program in Geology and Earth Science at Best Universities, GRE, GPA requirements are
Masters programs in Geology and Earth Science which do not require GRE
College description: The geological sciences are naturally interdisciplinary, and include: the study of earth materials, earth processes, and how they have changed over Earth 4.56 billion year history. Specifically, courses and research within the department address: the chemical and physical makeup and properties of minerals, rocks, soils, sediments, and water the formation and evolution of Earth and other planets the processes that deform Earth crust and shape Earth surface the stratigraphic, paleobiological, and geochemical records of Earth history including changes in climate, oceans, and atmosphere present-day, historical, and long-term feedbacks between the geosphere and biosphere, and the origin and occurrence of the university natural resources.The department research is critical to the study of natural hazards , environmental and geological engineering, surface and groundwater management, the assessment, exploration, and extraction of energy, mineral and water resources, ecology and conservation biology, remediation of contaminated water and soil, geological mapping and land use planning, and human health and the environment.The Center for Materials Research and facilities at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory , and the the students.S. Geological Survey in nearby Menlo Park are also available for the department research. Branner Library, devoted exclusively to the Earth Sciences, represents one of the department most important resources.An understanding of fundamental concepts in Earth science.The ability to collect, analyze, and interpret geological and environmental data using a variety of techniques to test hypotheses.The ability to address real geological and or environmental problems in the field.Graduate Studies in the Geological Sciences involve academic course work and independent research.
The purpose of the program in Geological Sciences is to provide students with a broad background in the fundamentals of the Earth sciences and the quantitative, analytical, and communications skills necessary to conduct research and think critically questions involving the Earth.Programs lead to the M.S., Engineer, and Ph.D. degrees. Diplomas designate degrees in Geological and Environmental Sciences or Geological Sciences and may also indicate the following specialized fields of study: Geostatistics and Hydrogeology.Students who declared the Bachelor of Science in Geological and Environmental Sciences have the option of changing the name of their degree to Geological Sciences.The honors program is open to students with a GPA of at least 3.5 in GS courses and 3.0 in all University course work.Students who matriculated into the Master of Science in Geological and Environmental Sciences have the option of changing the name of their degree to Geological Sciences.The coterminal B.S. M.S. program offers students the opportunity to pursue graduate research and an M.S. degree concurrently with or subsequent to their B.S. studies. Applicants must have earned no fewer than 120 units toward graduation, and must submit their application no later than the quarter prior to the expected completion of their degree, normally the Winter Quarter prior to Spring Quarter graduation.Or. complete a total of fifteen quarters during which the requirements of the two degrees are fulfilled concurrently.Coterminal master’s degree candidates are expected to complete all master’s degree requirements as described in this bulletin. University requirements for the coterminal master’s degree are described in the Coterminal Master’s Program section. University requirements for the master’s degree are described in the Graduate Degrees section of this bulletin.After accepting admission to this coterminal master’s degree program, students may request transfer of courses from the to the graduate career to satisfy requirements for the master’s degree.In keeping with University policy, applicants whose first language is not English must submit TOEFL scores from a test taken within the last 18 months. Individuals who have completed a B.S. or two-year M.S. program in the the students.S. or other English-speaking country are not required to submit TOEFL scores.The University requirements for M.S. degrees are outlined in the Graduate Degrees section of this bulletin.The Engineer degree is offered as an option for students in applied disciplines who wish to obtain a graduate education extending beyond that of an M.S., yet do not have the desire to conduct the research needed to obtain a Ph.D. A minimum of two years of graduate study is required.Students who matriculated into the Doctor of Philosophy in Geological and Environmental Sciences have the option of changing the name of their degree to Geological Sciences.Previously admitted students who wish to change their degree objective from M.S. to Ph.D. must petition the GS Admissions Committee.The University requirements for the Ph.D. degree are outlined in the Graduate Degrees section of this bulletin.Four of these courses must be letter grade courses with at least 3 units and completed with a grade point average of 3.0 or higher.Candidates for the Ph.D. degree in other departments who wish to obtain a minor in Geological Sciences must complete, with a GPA of 3.0 or better, 20 units in the geosciences in lecture courses intended for graduate students.Graduate students are active contributors to the advising relationship, proactively seeking academic and professional guidance and taking responsibility for informing themselves of policies and degree requirements for their graduate program. For a statement of University policy on graduate advising, see the Graduate Advising section of this bulletin.Structure and physical properties of magmas use of phase equilibria and mineral barometers and thermometers to determine conditions of magmatic processes melting and magmatic lineages as a function of tectonic setting processes that control magma composition including fractional crystallization, partial melting, and assimilation petrogenetic use of trace elements and isotopes.
MIT Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences
College description: Provides a broad of topics, technologies, and career paths at the forefront of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences. Introduces the complex interplay between physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, and computational methods used to study processes associated with a changing Earth and climate, distant planets, and life.Provides an opportunity for entering freshmen to gain firsthand experience in integrating the work of small teams to develop effective solutions to complex problems in Earth system science and engineering.Temperatures, pressures, compositions, structure of the Earth, and measurement techniques.Topics include Earth radiation budget, convection and clouds, the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, and climate change.Constitutive relations applicable to geological materials, including elastic, viscous, brittle, and plastic deformation.Surveys the interactive Earth system: biology in geologic, environmental and climate change throughout Earth history. Introduces the concept of life as a geological agent and examines the interaction between biology and the Earth system during the roughly 4 billion years since life first appeared. Topics include the origin of the solar system and the early Earth atmosphere the origin and evolution of life and its influence on climate up through and including the modern age and the problem of global warming the global carbon cycle and astrobiology.Pressing issues in archaeology as an anthropological science.
Students who hold the equivalent of a Bachelor degree from an international program that is three years in length are eligible to . Applicant do not have to hold a Masters degree to to a Ph.D. program.A few sections of the application are editable after submission, including the Statement of Objectives. Letters of recommendation should be submitted electronically although the university also accept paper letters of recommendation. Letters that arrive by paper will be scanned to their application.However, the letter system will stay open for an additional week.The application consists of five parts: The biographical section, 3 letters of recommendation, GRE general test scores, Subjects Taken form with grades, and a Statement of Objectives. The IELTS or TOEFL test is required for all international applicants whose education was in a language other than English.When their application please choose their final degree objective. Applicant do not have to have a Masters degree before being accepting into the university Ph.D. program.Please make certain their letters of reference, transcripts, and test scores are submitted in a timely fashion.All applicants to EAPS are required to provide scores for the GRE general test that are five years old or less. Applicants to the Planetary Sciences program are required to provide scores from either the GRE Physics or Chemistry subject exams.International students are required to provide scores from either the TOEFL or the IELTS scores for the English evaluation test. For the TOEFL, the university require a score of at least 600 on the paper-based test and 100 for the Internet-based test.The department will waive the requrement for either the IELTS or TOEFL exam for those students who have completed a four year bachelor progam that is taught exclusively in English.The other two letters can be from employers.At any time applicant can go back into their application and check whether any missing letters of recommendation and test scores have been received.
Graduate Admissions and Entrance Procedures
College description: 36 units of advanced field geology, in the form of three terms of Ge 121 abc taken from three different instructors.54 additional units in 100 or 200-level science, math or engineering courses in any field at Caltech.Courses that cannot be used to satisfy these requirements include research and reading courses, and certain courses constituting basic preparation in the field of geology, such as Ge 106, Ge 112, Ge 114 ab, and Ge 115 ab. Knowledge of basic physics, mathematics, and data analysis at the level of Ge 108 and Ge ESE 118 is required of all Ph.D. candidates in geology. Students entering the geology option with a master degree in a science or mathematics may be exempt from up to 45 units at the discretion of the option representative.
Applicants are required to submit their scores on the GRE general test.Test of English as a Foreign LanguageApplicants from non-English-speaking nations are required to submit TOEFL scores as part of their application process.Each student must plan to satisfy all the requirements for the PhD degree in a single option.
Cornell UniversityRanked 15 in Best National University.
College description: The geological science program is designed to give students broad training in the basic sciences as well as field, theoretical, and practical experience through research in their specialty. The program has particular strengths in geophysics, geochemistry and petrology, structural geology, sedimentology, marine ecology, and energy resources. However, the exceptional flexibility of Cornell graduate program provides ample opportunity for students to work across disciplinary areas. For example, arrangements exist for study of marine ecology, water resources, and various branches of applied geological science.At least one minor subject outside the field is required for the doctoral degree.Research and study opportunities: Research programs are being conducted by the field in such diverse areas as fluid cycling in subduction zones space-based geodetic studies of faults, volcanoes, and anthropogenic deformation interaction of tectonics, topography, and climate in major mountain systems investigation of igneous rocks in arc systems tectonics, seismology, sedimentation, and geomorphology of the central Andes planetary science, comparative planetology and solar system exploration seismic reflection profiling of the deep crust and upper mantle mechanics and properties of subduction zone megathrusts and other large faults induced earthquakes using seismic signals of earth noise to understand atmospheric and solid-earth phenomena development and application of Earth System models response of marine ecosystems to climate variability and change surface responses to extreme precipitation dynamics and mechanics of the lithosphere and asthenosphere application of geophysical techniques to environmental and archaeological problems marine ecological and paleontological studies sedimentology and diagenesis of mudstones dynamics of marine ecosystems and organisms from plankton to whales using remote sensing and other tools volcanic hazard assessment biogeochemistry, soil development, and dynamics in young volcanic terrains geochemistry and geophysics of oceanic islands, mid-ocean ridges and island arcs and remote sensing of seismic and volcanic deformation of the crust.Current and recent graduate students have carried out field investigations in such diverse places as Alaska, the Pacific Northwest, Honduras, Chile, Argentina, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Monterey Bay , Papua New Guinea, Ethiopia, and Tibet.Research Interests: Earthquake seismology, earth structure, material exchange between the earth surface and deep interior, and deformation at active plate boundaries emphasis on deep roots of volcanoes and on fault systems generating great earthquakes.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: environmental geophysics geobiology geochemistry and isotope geology mineralogy.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: economic geology engineering geology environmental geophysics geochemistry and isotope geology geohydrology geophysics geotectonics petroleum geology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: general geology geochemistry and isotope geology ocean science and technology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: geohydrology geophysics ocean science and technology rock mechanics structural geology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: general geology geochemistry and isotope geology petrology planetary geology.Research Interests: geochemical record of magmatic processes, intraplate volcanism, subduction processes, crustal generation and evolution, deep earth geochemical reservoirs, material exchange between the earth.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: general geology geotectonics ocean science and technology petroleum geology sedimentology stratigraphy.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: economic geology general geology geochemistry and isotope geology geotectonics mineralogy petrology planetary geology Precambrian geology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: geochemistry and isotope geology geotectonics petrology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: geochemistry and isotope geology Quaternary geology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: geochemistry and isotope geology geohydrology ocean science and technology seismology.Research Interests: Development and application of coupled earth system models.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: general geology geobiology paleontology Quaternary geology sedimentology stratigraphy.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: engineering geology geophysics geotectonics rock mechanics seismology.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: economic geology engineering geology geochemistry and isotope geology geohydrology petroleum geology rock mechanics.Research Interests: Economic geology natural resource geology and economics.Concentrations:Geological Sciences: geochemistry and isotope geology ocean science and technology petrology.Free Memberships for Cornell Graduate Students and Postdocs.Pause and Unplug: Yoga for Graduate and Professional Students.Arts and Humanities Life Sciences Physical Sciences and Engineering Social Sciences.
The field maintains working agreements with institutions worldwide to facilitate research projects in those areas or to work on materials especially accessible there.Including the TOEFL Exam or IELTS Academic Exam for non-native English applicants.Applicants are required to submit an application, a statement of purpose, an official transcript from each college or university attended, three letters of recommendation, and GRE general test scores. Applicants whose native language is not English must also submit TOEFL scores.
Earth and Planetary Science
College description: The Earth and Planetary Sciences offers a PhD degree in Earth and Planetary Science. The central objective of the graduate program is to encourage creative thinking and develop the capacity for independent and original research. Graduate students are formally accepted into the Earth and Planetary Science program, and they normally work directly toward a PhD.The department offers an MA program however, admission to the program is available only to graduates of the university bachelor degree program in Earth and Planetary Science.A bachelor’s degree or recognized equivalent from an accredited institution .If the applicant comes from a country or political entity where English is not the official language, adequate proficiency in English to do graduate work, as evidenced by a TOEFL score of at least 90 on the iBT test, 570 on the paper-and-pencil test, or an IELTS Band score of at least 7 on a 9-point scale and.The Graduate Council views academic degrees not as vocational training certificates, but as evidence of broad training in research methods, independent study, and articulation of learning. Therefore, applicants who already have academic graduate degrees should be able to pursue new subject matter at an advanced level without the need to enroll in a related or similar graduate program.Programs may consider students for an additional academic master’s or professional master’s degree only if the additional degree is in a distinctly different field.Applicants admitted to a doctoral program that requires a master’s degree to be earned at Berkeley as a prerequisite will be permitted to undertake the second master’s degree, despite the overlap in field.Applicants with doctoral degrees may be admitted for an additional doctoral degree only if that degree program is in a general area of knowledge distinctly different from the field in which they earned their original degree.
The Graduate Record Examination is required of all applicants. If applicant want to be considered for a fellowship, applicant should take the Graduate Records Examination by November. GRE scores older than five years will NOT be accepted.International applicants from countries where English is not the official language are required to take the Test of English as a Foreign LanguageA delay in receiving some materials such as letters of recommendation will not affect their application.
Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences
College description: Applicants can choose to study Geochemistry, Geology, or Geophysics and Space Physics within this department at UCLA.
Admissions Earth Sciences USC Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences
College description: GEOL 412 Oceans, Climate, and the Environment Survey of physical, chemical, and geological oceanography emphasizing the role of the oceans in modulation of climate, atmospheric composition and biogeochemical cycles paleoceanography and paleoclimate.GEOL 425L Data Analysis in the Earth and Environmental Sciences Introduction to mathematical methods giving insight into Earth and Environmental data.GEOL 427 The Global Environment Earth’s development as a habitable planet, from origin to human impacts on global biogeochemical cycles in the ocean, land, atmosphere.GEOL 440L Geophysics and Geoengineering Plate tectonics, magnetic and gravity fields, earthquakes, seismic waves, reflection and refraction seismics, heat transport, mantle convection, deep Earth structure, data analysis.GEOL 441 Seismic Exploration Geophysics Seismic wave theory, ray theory, reflection, refraction, data processing, signal enhancement, field instrumentation and techniques on land and at sea geological interpretation of seismic data.GEOL 460L Geochemistry and Hydrogeology Composition and origin of Earth principles of physical chemistry applied to aqueous systems reaction-diffusion modeling principles of hydrology environmental problems.GEOL 474 Ecosystem Function and Earth Systems General principles of ecosystem function, energy flow and materials cycling in marine systems at various scales and the importance of microbial processes in these systems.GEOL 483 Geobiology and Astrobiology Relationships between microbiota and Earth environment including the hydrosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere, with consideration of the potential for life on other planets.GEOL 514 Marine Geology Origin and characteristics of ocean basins marine sedimentary environments shoreline classification and character evolution of oceanic features.GEOL 515 Introduction to Atmospheric Science Elementary physical principles underlying the behavior of Earth atmosphere.GEOL 521L Advanced Structural Geology Advanced field and theoretical aspects of rock deformation, strain and stress analyses, and evolution of structural systems.GEOL 525 The Science of Climate Change Introduction to the fundamental aspects and the factors that influence ocean and atmospheric behavior, and how Earth’s climate has varied in the past.GEOL 531 Plate Interactions: Geological Aspects Principles and geometrics of plate tectonics geologic characteristics of modern plate boundaries of divergent, convergent, transform type ocean basin and orogen development from worldwide examples.GEOL 532 Advanced Geologic Mapping Principles of mapping geologically complex terranes of different structural style.GEOL 534L Mechanics of Lithospheric Deformation The mechanical description of deformational processes at both crustal and lithospheric scales, and the interpretation of geological and geophysical data in terms of these processes.GEOL 550 Chemical Equilibrium and Disequilibrium in Geology Phase equilibria phase diagrams thermodynamics of aqueous and solid solutions irreversible thermodynamics kinetics, diffusion, and metasomatism, with applications to problems in petrology and geochemistry.GEOL 551 Introduction to Seismology Basic elements of seismology for the study of Earth’s interior and the tectonic process, utilizing observations of seismic waves.GEOL 552 Advanced Seismology Advanced methods of theoretical seismology for studying the generation of seismic waves from natural and a rtificial sources and the propagation through realistic Earth models.GEOL 557 Numerical Modeling of Earth Systems The quantitative modeling of ordinary and partial differential equations as they arise in geology, geophysics, climate modeling and related fields with practical, numerical focus.GEOL 564 Isotope Geochemistry Variations in the isotopic composition of elements in Earth’s crust with applications to geological problems, including geochronology, geothermometry, ore genesis, and crustal evolution.Crosslist: This course is offered by the BISC department but qualifies for major credit in Ocean Sciences.GEOL 590 Directed Research Research leading to the master’s degree.
Prerequisites An applicant for admission must have the equivalent of the courses in earth sciences, chemistry, mathematics, and physics required for the B.S. degree in geological sciences. Applicants with an degree in other sciences or engineering who lack required earth sciences courses will also be given consideration.Academic Record An applicant must have a strong background and a superior academic record as documented by GPAs in and graduate work, with a minimum GPA of 3.0 in each degree.Graduate Record Examinations scores are required for admission.
Geological Sciences University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
College description: The Geological Sciences offers programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in geological sciences. A broad background is offered in most major areas of geoscience, with particular emphasis on hydrology, coastal processes, isotope geochemistry, geochronology, seismology, volcanology, igneous petrology, marine geology, low-temperature geochemistry, paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, paleontology, paleoecology, sequence stratigraphy, structural geology, earth surface processes, and tectonics.All applicants must take the Graduate Record ExaminationCourse requirements for incoming students will be determined by individual graduate committees, often in consultation with the director of graduate studies.The Geological Sciences occupies the 50,000 square feet of floor space in Elisha Mitchell Hall. Research equipment and facilities include two thermal ionization mass spectrometers with associated Class 100 clean labs high-resolution laser ablation ICPMS quadrupole ICPMS a sediment analysis laboratory including refrigerated core storage an X-ray fluorescence core scanner and a laser-size particle analyzer X-ray fluorescence spectrometer X-ray diffractometer field-emission electron microprobe scanning electron microscope with X-ray analysis and cathodoluminescence counting laboratory experimental petrology laboratory gas chromatograph-isotope ratio mass spectrometer chirp sonar and side-scan sonar imaging systems seismic reflection system microsampling system with epifluorescence capabilities.Requirements for the master of science degree are 30 semester hours , a thesis, and a final oral examination in defense of the thesis.Students admitted to the M.S. program who elect to pursue a Ph.D. instead may be permitted to bypass the master degree after one semester of residence upon demonstration of superior scholastic performance and research potential.Requirements for the Ph.D. degree are a minimum of 48 semester hours of graduate credit and a minimum of six hours and preferably no than 12 hours of GEOL 994, a written comprehensive examination and an oral comprehensive examination, a dissertation, and a final oral examination in defense of the dissertation.Boudreau, Petrology, GeochemistryAntonio Rodriguez, Coastal Geology, Sedimentology.Required preparation, major in a natural science or two courses in natural sciences.
Students admitted to pursue a graduate degree in the Geological Sciences normally are expected to have an degree in traditional geology, geochemistry, geophysics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, or other related interdisciplinary fields. All applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination All foreign students whose native language is not English also must take the Test of English as a Foreign Language examination.Requirements for the master of science degree are 30 semester hours , a thesis, and a final oral examination in defense of the thesis.Many students have completed a master degree before being admitted to the doctoral program, but some students enter the Ph.D. program having completed only an degree. Students admitted to the M.S. program who elect to pursue a Ph.D. instead may be permitted to bypass the master degree after one semester of residence upon demonstration of superior scholastic performance and research potential.Requirements for the Ph.D. degree are a minimum of 48 semester hours of graduate credit and a minimum of six hours and preferably no than 12 hours of GEOL 994, a written comprehensive examination and an oral comprehensive examination, a dissertation, and a final oral examination in defense of the dissertation.Introduction to process geomorphology with emphasis on quantitative interpretation of weathering, hill slope, fluvial, glacial, and eolian processes from topography and landscapes.Requisites: Prerequisites, GEOL 101, 200, or 201 and MATH 231 permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:ENEC 417.Mandatory weekend field trip to the Southern Outer Banks.Gen Ed: PL.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:MASC 503.Three lecture and two recitation hours per week.Gen Ed: PL.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:MASC 505, ENVR 505.Three lecture and one recitation hour per week.Gen Ed: PL.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:MASC 506.Topics covered: univariate and multivariate statistics, testing, nonparametric methods, time series, spatial and cluster analysis, shapes.Requisites: Prerequisites, MATH 231 and 232.Grading status: Letter grade.For details, see geology degree requirements.Gen Ed: EE Mentored Research.Grading status: Letter grade.For details, see geology degree requirements.Requisites: Prerequisite, GEOL 691H.Gen Ed: EE Mentored Research.Grading status: Letter grade.Two hours a week.Grading status: Letter grade.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
College description: Geosciences emphasizes the application of general principles of geology, geochemistry, cosmochemistry, and geophysics to problems in the marine and terrestrial environments of the Earth and to other planetary bodies. Graduate students routinely participate in expeditions at sea and on land and many doctoral theses evolve from these experiences.Geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of oceanic crustal rocks and near-shore environments.The use of natural nuclear processes for understanding physical and chemical processes in the Earth.Students admitted to Geosciences of the Earth, Oceans, and Planets are assigned an adviser, who is the chair of their three-person guidance committee. Although students may change curricular groups in the course of the year, they must choose which departmental exam they will take. Students may change advisers during their first year, and they must find an adviser by the end of the first year.The geosciences curriculum consists of a series of core courses and a series of research focus courses.All students are responsible for material in Marine GeologyGeochemistry core classes include Marine Sediments-Paleo Proxies , Whole Earth Geochemistry , and Introduction to Isotope GeochemistryGeology core classes include Field Methods , Stratigraphy and Sedimentology , Petrography and Petrology , Introduction to Volcanology , Geological Record of Climate Change , Shape and Structure of the Ocean Floor , and Interactions of Oceanic Plates and the California MarginStudents are also encouraged to take Introduction to Computers at SIO , Analysis for Physical Oceanographic Data , Physical Oceanography , Marine Chemistry , and Biological Oceanography , but these may not be used to substitute for the geology, geophysics and geochemistry core requirements.One geology course, from the following: SIO 105.
The Scripps Institution of Oceanography fers graduate degrees in Oceanography, Marine Biology, and Earth Sciences.TOEFL IELTS PTENo than 5 accepted letters of recommendation.TOEFLUpon recommendation, students are instructed to complete the UCSD application.
For the Earth System Science Graduate Program
College description: The Earth System Science is ranked as top five geoscience programs nationally.
Beginning September 1st students can submit an application through UCI Graduate Division including GRE scores, three letters of recommendation, and an English proficiency test for international students.The ESS Ph.D. program does not have a minimum GRE score.These factors include but are not limited to research experience, letters of recommendation, GRE scores, and academic record. GRE scores and GPA are only two components of the review process and cannot solely be used to determine a student’s academic aptitude or likelihood of admission in to a Ph.D. program. Currently, the average GRE score for an admitted student is Verbal: 155, Quantitative: 160, and Analytical: 4 and the average GPA for an admitted student is 3.41 on a 4.00 grade scale.After applicant complete and pay for their application and Graduate Division processes their application , applicant may check to see if their scores and or letters of recommendation have been received by using the Application Progress Review.The Earth System Science does not have a terminal master’s degree program. Emphasis at the graduate level is on the Ph.D. degree the master’s degree may be awarded to Ph.D. students after fulfillment of the requirements.