GRE and GPA requirements for admission to Best Universities in Pharmaceutics and Drug Design - Updated 2020

GRE and GPA requirements for admission to Best Universities in Pharmaceutics and Drug Design - Updated 2020

For admissions to masters degree program in Pharmaceutics and Drug Design at Best Universities, GRE, GPA requirements are

Temple UniversityRanked 121 in Best National University.

Graduate Certificate

College description: Earn a Part-Time Master’s in Pharmaceutics for Professionals.Professionals who want to receive the benefit of career advancement without enrolling in a full-time grad program can take advantage of the Pharmaceutics Non-Thesis Master’s Degree.This degree will instruct applicant in principles of drug delivery, metabolism and disposition and teach applicant current pharmaceutical practices and principles.

Among other concepts, applicant will learn dosage form design, manufacturing, toxicology and regulatory sciences.The program required and elective course options to see if it is right for applicant, or find out the university thesis-based master’s and doctoral degrees in Pharmaceutics.Master of Science in Regulatory Affairs and Quality Assurance.Certificate Programs in Regulatory Affairs and Quality Assurance.Master of Science in Global Clinical and Pharmacovigilance Regulations

Since then, products derived through biotechnology have provided advances in medicine that include therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, cancer vaccines, cytokines, antisense technology, interference RNA, and growth factors.Master Degree in Discipline Related Discipline: Applicants completing the program to earn a post-master certificate must hold a master degree in a Pharmacy-related field.Class discussions include application to quality control of pharmaceutical manufacturing.This course introduces students to the basic structure of the pharmaceutical industry, examining the growth and relationships among various sectors, including the fully-integrated companies of big pharma, the generic and biotech industry, and specialty and service companies, such as CROs and CMOs. Social, political, demographic, economic, and technological influences will be examined not only in the US domestic market, but also across major world economies, including the differences between national health and single-payer systems.The class will examine the key concepts of FUE qualification validation as well as the life-cycle through retirement of the FUE.The product attributes discussed in the selling process are efficacy, safety, cost effectiveness, compliance, and treatment outcomes.Discussions include evaluate FDA 483s and Warning Letters, the routine review of periodicals, including the Pink Sheet, Gold Sheet, and other GMP-oriented documents, and evaluate information provided by the FDA.A study of the theory and application of sterilization processes in the preparation of sterile pharmaceutical materials.This course focuses on the application of computer validation concepts to computer systems operating within a pharmaceutical research and development environment.Specific topics include device classification, investigational device exemption applications, pre-market notification submissions , pre-market approval applications , humanitarian device exemptions , product development protocols , STED and an of Global Harmonization Task Force recommendations.This course provides a working background on Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients used in pharmaceutical dosage forms with focus on the development, manufacture and global regulations that impact successful marketing approval of products.This course will review the different aspects of a pharmaceutical cleaning validation program and the criteria for each.Writing exercises include topics such as the Physician Desk Reference, developing product label package inserts, and summarizing studies in pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, efficacy and safety, product development, and stability.This course reviews the regulatory and legal fundamentals of labeling FDA-regulated products, specifically, prescription pharmaceuticals, emphasizing the direct application of the regulations to actual practice. It analyzes case studies and current practices, providing an of legal, regulatory, and marketing concepts affecting labeling. It discusses the application of current knowledge and explores new trends in the legal and regulatory framework surrounding the development and implementation of drug labeling.Topics include: chain operations integration with distributors, wholesalers, and other channels WHO FDA regulations and guidelines chain security inventory considerations demand and capacity planning lean operations postponement constraints and technologies.This course introduces students to principles of study design, concepts of causal inference, and major types of epidemiological studies. These principles are applied to the distribution and determination of the effects of pharmaceuticals on human populations.The International Conference on Harmonization has revolutionized the format and content of global regulatory filings with the Common Technical Document As the term guideline implies, such documents should not be generally viewed as regulations, but as recommendations to consider when developing the body of scientific information.Students learn the practical and theoretical skills necessary to develop successful CMC dossiers from the initial clinical application through marketing and post-marketing support. The class is designed for regulatory professionals, managers, and scientists with significant responsibility for CMC dossiers.Discussions include how prescription drug regulations differ from those applicable to OTCs , biologics and restricted medical devices.This course covers several broad topics: a high-level quantitative analysis of biological samples that provide date to support pharmaceutical drug biological product approval, detailed instruction of FDA and EMA regulations and guidances that govern bioanalytical method development, validation and application in routine sample analysis, best practices recommended for implementing quality management systems in a bioanalytical laboratory, and discussion of approaches to address common problems that may arise during method validation and sample analysis.Each class will feature a specific process common to pharmaceutical processing.Application of chemical analysis as it relates to pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical manufacturing.The emphasis of this course is to form a bridge between the concepts of physical pharmacy and the application of pharmaceutical sciences. Students will understand basic aspects of intermolecular forces, physical properties of solutions, ionic equilibria, buffers and isotonic solutions, solubility and partition phenomena, complexation and protein binding, reaction kinetics, mass transport, dissolution phenomena, interfacial phenomena, and rheology. Pharmaceutical applications based on the basic principles will be discussed as well.Drug absorption mechanisms, physiological and GIT constraints on dosage form transit and bioavailbility, effect of formulation parameters, dissolution methodologies, in-vitro in-vivo correlation of drug product performance as well as PAC, ICH and FDA guidelines on development and approval process will be covered. Formulation strategies for optimum therapeutic outcome via application of pharmaceutical sciences to the design of drug delivery systems is provided.

University of South Carolina-ColumbiaRanked 113 in Best National University.

Admission Requirements

College description: Penicillin Allergy Assessment and Skin Testing Certificate Program.If applicant are interested in studying in the College’s Drug Discovery and Biomedical Sciences, applicant will apply through the Integrated Biomedical Science Program.

The university seek students who possess the academic ability to successfully complete the rigorous Pharm.D. coursework as well as the personal characteristics necessary to be a successful practitioner.As a state-assisted institution, the University of South Carolina-Columbia gives preference to in-state applicants, defined in the admissions context as South Carolina residents and non-South Carolina residents who are attending a South Carolina college or university. Residency determinations for tuition purposes are set by the USC Office of Legal Residency.Many applicants will submit their applications and accompanying materials while in the midst of completing their coursework.The pharmacy prerequisite GPA is calculated from the 66 credit hours of pharmacy prerequisite courses required to be completed prior to fall program entry. The highest earned grade for any course attempted multiple times will be used in the pharmacy prerequisite GPA calculation.The application fee will not be refunded if the application requirements are not met.Waiting until January or February 2020 may lower their chance of acceptance because of the time it takes for PharmCAS to receive and process their official PCAT score.The university encourage applicant to application early because interview availability is limited.Applicant are required to bring three copies of an updated resume to their interview.Applicant must submit three appropriate electronic evaluations through the PharmCAS system.Applicant should include their pharmacy exposure on their PharmCAS Application and record this information on their resume or curriculum vitae, providing details related to each experience, including the pharmacy setting, pharmacist interacted with, date attended and the total number of hours applicant spent at the site.Resumes CVs can be updated until their on-site interview, if invited. Applicant should PharmCAS Application as soon as it complete do not wait to complete pharmacy exposure activities before submitting their applications.Make sure to include their involvement in these activities on their PharmCAS Application and resume or curriculum vitae.Resumes CVs can be updated until their on-site interview, if invited. Applicant should PharmCAS Application as soon as it’s complete do not wait to complete extra-curricular activities before submitting their applications.If applicant have been recognized with any individual honors, awards, scholarships, recognitions or achievements, share their accomplishments on their PharmCAS Application and record them on their resume or curriculum vitae.Resumes CVs can be updated until their on-site interview, if invited. Applicant should PharmCAS Application as soon as it’s complete do not wait to complete research activities before submitting their applications.Certain chronic or recurrent illnesses and problems may interfere with completing their didactic studies, delivering or providing patient care or compromising patient safety and may be incompatible with pharmacy training or practice.

DePaul UniversityRanked 121 in Best National University.

Student Admission Process

Applicant must pay a non-refundable $40.00 application fee before their application can be reviewed. Applicant may pay the fee while submitting their application, or send a check or money order made payable to DePaul University with their supplementary application materials to the Office of Graduate Admission at 2400 N.If applicant are ing to a program before completing their degree, applicant will need to send final transcripts to the credit evaluation company so that their evaluation can be updated once their degree is completed.Supplementary application materials vary by program.Students holding a bachelor master or PhD from a regionally accredited United States institution will have the TOEFL requirement waived upon receipt of their the students.S. transcripts.DePaul University requires that all students earn at least 80 with no section lower than 17 on the TOEFL exam to be considered proficient. However, most graduate programs require a higher TOEFL score to be considered for admission.DePaul University offers conditional admission to qualified applicants in select disciplines.Conditional admission may be offered to students who have been educated in a language other than English and whose academic record qualifies them for admission, but whose level of English proficiency, as measured by either the IELTS or TOEFL, is not at the required level.A completed Transfer Release Form ,.

Johns Hopkins UniversityRanked 12 in Best National University.

Graduate Training Programs Admissions

At least two letters of reference should be electronically submitted through SOPHAS letters are requiredTherefore, one of the letters should be from the Division or Departmental Director indicating any being provided during the didactic year and confirming support for two additional years of research training.A second letter should be from an identified mentor if established from the sponsoring department or division. If a preceptor has not yet been identified for any reason, the second letter should be from the candidate explaining the circumstances. Letters from others who may have first-hand knowledge of the candidate abilities are encouraged.For PhD applicants who have not yet spent at least six months in the sponsoring JHU division or department, the second letters may come from individuals outside JHU who have first-hand knowledge of the candidate abilitiesFull-time pursuit of the MHS degree is preferred and students are normally expected to successfully complete all required coursework and the comprehensive exam within one academic year.Qualified applicants in residence may be interviewed by the Program Admission Committee when the formal application is complete.TEST SCORE REQUIREMENTS GRE scores are required of all applicants. MCAT scores will be accepted in lieu of GRE scores. Non-physicians from other allied health professions, such as Dentistry, Nursing, or Pharmacy, are required to submit applicable test scores as evidence of professional qualifications or licensure.Applicants from countries where English is not the primary language must submit official scores of the TOEFL. A minimum TOEFL score of 100 on the internet-based test or 600 on the paper-based test is required for admission into the MHS or PhD program.ECFMG certification is generally required of all physician applicants for thesis-requiring degrees since clinical credentials are usually needed to undertake clinical investigation. Applicants from outside the the students.S. must submit GRE scores.The General Test of the Graduate Record Examination is given year-round in supervised computer facilities in the the students.S., Canada, and many other countries. The paper-based General Test is offered in areas of the world where computer-based testing is not available.

Harvard UniversityRanked 2 in Best National University.

MEMP students Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology

HST expects that the majority of MEMP candidates will through MIT, using the MIT Application for Graduate Admission.Therefore, because admissions are extremely competitive and class sizes are small, the university encourage applicant to also submit a MEMP application through MIT. If applicant are accepted to MEMP through both MIT and Harvard, applicant can choose which offer to accept.Candidates ing to MEMP through both MIT and Harvard need to submit two independent applications following both sets of MEMP admissions instructions.As part of the admissions process, promising applicants are invited to visit Cambridge for interviews and tours in late February early March.Deadlines for admission are typically in early December preceding the fall term in which applicant intend to enroll.The Harvard University does accept recommendations received shortly after the deadline. Applications will be considered incomplete and may not receive full consideration if the required three letters are not received by December 20 at the latest.Letters of recommendation: three letters are required, of which at least two should come from people who are well-acquainted with their academic work and research abilities. Beyond the three required letters, candidates may submit up to two additional letters if desired. Please ask recommenders to use institutional letterhead when uploading a copy of their letter to their application.HST strongly prefers letters be submitted .Paper copies of letters must be signed originals, on institution letterhead, accompanied by the MIT Evaluation for Graduate Admission cover form, sent in a sealed envelope by the recommender, and signed over the seal.Test score reports: The GRE general test is required. Although, scores with the wrong or missing department code will eventually be matched to their HST submitted application, there could be a delay.If their first language is not English, applicant need to take either the TOEFL or the IELTS. If applicant take the TOEFL, applicant must achieve a minimum score of 100 on the internet-based testLetters of recommendation: Once the university receive the completed Harvard application, the university will make arrangements directly with staff at Harvard to obtain copies of submitted letters of recommendation.Test score reports: all GRE or language test results should be official copies sent directly to HST from the testing service, in addition to the official copies sent to Harvard.GRE general test scores are required of all MEMP applicants. However, scores are given less weight than grades, research experience, and recommendations.To send GRE scores to HST, use ETS codes 3514 and 0699-Health and Medical Sciences-Other All official test scores sent to MIT , regardless of department code, will be matched to any submitted MIT graduate applications.HST also accepts TOEFL or IELTS scores as proof of English language proficiency. Applicants are required to have a TOEFL score of at least 100 on the internet-based test In addition, recommenders whose native language is English may provide input regarding the applicant English proficiency in their letter of recommendation.When submitting TOEFL scores, use codes 3514 and 99 All official test scores sent to MIT , regardless of department code, will be matched to any submitted MIT graduate applications.The HST Graduate Admissions Committee reviews all MEMP applications during the month of January. Applications are reviewed by a number of members of the Committee.Candidates chosen for interviews will be expected to come to MIT during the university interview period, typically held in late February or early March. In the case of applicants at a significant distance , telephone video conference interviews may be conducted.Candidates offered admission will be asked to let us know their decision as soon as possible, but no later than April 15th.Admission to MEMP is extremely competitive, with 15-20% of applicants invited to interview and less than 10% of applicants offered admission.However, GRE scores are given less weight than grades, research experience, and recommendations.A traditional life sciences curriculum is generally not adequate preparation for MEMP.If admitted, applicant would transfer from Mechanical Engineering to MEMP.Master degrees are not required in MEMP, and HST does not typically grant master degrees to MEMP students. It is possible for MEMP students to earn a master degree in a related field In most cases, the coursework and research required for the master degree can also be used to satisfy requirements towards their MEMP degree.

Gardner-Webb UniversityRanked 34 in Best Regional University in South Coast.

To the College of Health Sciences

In order to enroll students from a variety of nursing backgrounds with the greatest potential for successfully completing the program, the following criteria will be used for consideration of acceptance.Cumulative GPA of 3.20 on all previous graduate coursework as evidenced by official graduate transcripts .Three letters of recommendation submitted on provided form .GPA of 2.70 or better on all work.Scores on either the Graduate Record Examination or Miller Analogies Test The GRE is required for the MSN MBA program.GPA of 3.0 or better on all work.

University of TulsaRanked 88 in Best National University.

Admission and Progression

Applicants will be notified of acceptance status within 45 days of completed application and the submission of all required documentation.During the application process, students will declare an Exercise Science Pre-Athletic Training Degree.TU students who have met all of the admission requirements will be preferential consideration for admission. Students should submit all application materials prior to October 1st for first consideration for acceptance into the program.In addition to pre-requisite coursework, the student will need to work with their advisor to ensure progression to graduate with the Exercise Science degree in fall of their senior year, and will need to maintain at 3.0 GPA.This will allow proper placement of students for supervised professional practice rotations.

University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh CampusRanked 62 in Best National University.

University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

A minimum score on the Test of English as Foreign Language of 80 on the iBT or 550 on the PBT is required.Some departments may require higher TOEFL IELTS scores.Please note that if applicant are a US Citizen but have received a degree from a country where English is not the official language applicant will be required to submit TOEFL or IELTS scores even if the program curriculum was taught in English.The transfer application process is coordinated by the Office of Admission and Financial Aid at the University of Pittsburgh. Applications submitted through the SHRS application system by transfer applicants will not be accepted.However, application materials are not transferable from one application to another. Applicant must submit all required documents for each application submitted. For example, if applicant request the same person write their letter of recommendations for each program applicant are ing for, they must submit a different letter for each program.Only one letter of recommendation is required for applications.A second letter of recommendation may be accepted but is not recommended.

Dominican UniversityRanked 19 in Best Regional University in Midwest.

Admission Requirements

No credit is granted for pre-admission experiential learning, prior coursework, degrees, certifications or advanced training.Admission using the Centralized Application Service for Physician Assistants application.No minimum GRE score, however strength of GRE scores relative to the applicant pool will be considered as part of the admission process. The GRE must have been taken within five years of the application date. The application is not considered complete without reflecting official scores directly in CASPA.The minimum technical standards establish the essential qualities considered necessary for students admitted to this program to achieve the knowledge, skills and competencies of an entry-level physician assistant. In the event an applicant is unable to fulfill these technical standards prior to or any time after admission, with or without reasonable accommodation, the student will not be allowed to enter or progress within the program.

Upstate Medical University

College of Graduate Studies

What are the minimum GRE and TOEFL scores necessary for admission Minimum combined GRE verbal and quantitative score of 295. GRE Advanced Subject Test is suggested, but not required.In general, if their GREs are not competitive applicant should consider retaking.What is the minimum GPA needed for admission All PhD applicants must have a minimum GPA of 3.0.The best letters of reference are those that come from established scientists with personal knowledge of their laboratory experience, such as research mentors at their own institution or elsewhere.For the Masters of Science degree, each program has its own admissions committee, so applicant should directly to that programUpstate Medical University has articulation agreements with Upstate College of Health Professions, Binghamton University, Bard College at Simon Rock, Lock Haven University, SUNY Cobleskill, and SUNY Oswego. With the exception of Upstate College of Health Professions, the university also have articulation agreements with these institutions for the university Summer Research Fellowship program.Many of these friendships are maintained in later years as students pursue their dissertation research in different labs and departments.Is it realistic to commute back and forth to these places Rochester, Ithaca, and Binghamton are each 75 to 90 minutes from Syracuse by car on interstate highways, so it is feasible to live between the 2 cities and commute half the distance each day.In addition to the materials required of all applicants, international students whose first language is not English must submit an official copy of either the Test of English as a Foreign Language or International English Language Testing System

University of North Carolina at Chapel HillRanked 30 in Best National University.

UNC Adams School of Dentistry University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

College description: CBMC is dedicated to improving human health through research leading to new concepts for the design and development of therapeutic and diagnostic agents.The CBMC graduate program seamlessly blends chemistry and biology, which distinguishes it from traditional graduate programs.The university program’s degree recipients are well prepared for scientific careers in academia, industry, government, and research institutes.

All of the university graduates have been successful in finding desirable positions.

To a large extent, the university recent graduates are receiving multiple offers from top labs.

The university recent graduates have taken postdoctoral positions in prestigious labs at Harvard, Duke, Scripps, and MIT, to name a few.Historically, the majority of the university graduates have taken positions in the pharmaceutical industry.

In recent years, as the pharmaceutical industry has changed and biotech and biopharma companies have emerged, there has been a growing demand for the university graduates in the latter.

In addition, the university graduates are increasingly considering careers in academia.Applicant can begin their graduate studies in biological or biomedical sciences at UNC-Chapel Hill without initially committing to a specific program through the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Program.

The specialty practice programs — endodontics, operative dentistry and biomaterials, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, and prosthodontics — are dual-specialty certificate and master of science degree programs.The applicant must indicate an interest in pursuing the dual program at the time of application to the clinical specialty program. Students applying for the dual program must take either the Graduate Record Examination OR the Dental Aptitude Test , but are not required to take both exams.The oral and maxillofacial pathology program is a three-year program that awards a certificate in oral and maxillofacial pathology and a master of science degree. Upon completion of the necessary requirements each student is eligible for fellowship in the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.Students in the advanced orthodontic education program are required to demonstrate clinical and professional proficiency as well as to complete the didactic and research components of the M.S. degree prior to graduating. As the program progresses, didactic seminars gradually yield to research participation, while clinical seminars continue, and the volume of patient care increases.For interested students, this program can be combined with other educational programs in the social sciences, basic sciences, or allied health professions that lead to an additional master degree, postdoctoral fellowship, or a doctoral degree.During the second year data are collected, and during the third year the thesis is written and defended. Development of leadership skills in the health profession is supported by externships at the local, state, and national levels.The curriculum offers a broad educational experience in clinical, research, didactic, and teaching activities.Thirty-six credit hours are required for the master of science degree.Application to the endodontics program requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceApplicants must possess a D.D.S., D.M.D., or equivalent degree.Application to the operative dentistry and biomaterials program requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceApplication to the orthodontics program requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service A personal, on-site interview is required for admission, and interviews are made by invitation of the program after its review of applications.The pediatric dentistry program requires application through both the centralized application and matching services: Submission of the required transcripts and documentation is made to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service A personal interview is required, and interviews are made by invitation of the department after applications have been reviewed.All applications for the periodontology program, as well as transcripts and letters of reference, should be submitted through the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceAll applications for the prosthodontics program, as well as transcripts and letters of reference, should be submitted through the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceMinimum admissions requirements for the program in dental hygiene education include current licensure, a bachelor degree from an accredited institution, and graduation from a dental hygiene program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association.Applicants must have a grade point average of B or better in the professional curriculum. Three letters of recommendation are required, as well as an admissions questionnaire by the applicant.To be awarded a degree or certificate, students must satisfactorily complete all requirements of their respective program.In this literature review course, graduate students will discuss evidence on dental implant and other related therapies.Grading status: Letter grade.

University of Massachusetts-LowellRanked 127 in Best National University.

Graduate Certificate Program in Health Management Online

Students who successfully complete the Graduate Certificate in Health Management at UMass Lowell with a GPA of 3.2 or higher may waive the GRE requirement if applying to the Master Degree in Health Informatics and Management. Upon acceptance into the master degree, the courses from the certificate for which the student received a grade of 3.0 or higher may be transferred into the Master Degree in Health Informatics and Management.Students also learn use industry-standard data analysis software applications, statistical packages and common applications for the development and reporting of analytic findings.A graduate-level course introducing healthcare professionals to strategic planning for the information systems organization. The course is designed to give healthcare professional a practical understanding of strategic planning and its importance to a successful organization. Skills learned in this course will enable the student to work effectively with and support the information systems planning effort in order to ensure better IS, clinical and business alignment.Fee for Graduate Degree Application Francis College of Engineering Programs.Whenever possible, appropriate notice of such changes will be given before they become effective.In many cases, graduate certificate courses may be applied toward a master degree at UMass Lowell. This is a great way to earn a graduate-level credential on the way to earning their master .Application Fee is $50.00 for all applicants. NO Graduate Record Exam is required for graduate certificate programs. Credits earned from a graduate certificate may be used toward a related graduate degree with the approval of the graduate program coordinator. Students who complete a graduate certificate with a cumulative GPA of 3.50 or better in a UMass Lowell graduate certificate program may be able to waive the GRE when applying to a related master degree.Admission to all graduate programs at UMass Lowell is contingent upon successful completion of a bachelor degree.

Case Western Reserve UniversityRanked 38 in Best National University.

Graduate Programs in the Biomedical Sciences Case Western Reserve University

Within those overall expectations, a specific course of study for each graduate program is required and described in each degreeplan of study.Training and educating graduate students in the biomedical sciences is a complex process that continually evolves based on the rapid progression of scientific discovery and ever expanding technological landscape. Students are expected to master their overall discipline, become experts in their field of research, as well as gain expertise in a diverse, but interrelated professional skill set.Postdoctoral Fellows and Postdoctoral Scholars are appointed through the Office of Postdoctoral Affairs.The Graduate Education Office provides professional development opportunities for trainees including the monthly Career Opportunities for Trainees Professional Enrichment for Trainees Series, Pre-Professional Health Program Series, Enhancing Research and Industry Career Horizons internship and career exposure program, and the Expanding Teaching Experiences for Doctoral Students program.Priority will be given to applications received by December 1. Applications will be considered by the Admissions Committee as soon as they are complete.Letters of recommendation from research mentors that describe creativity, handwork, and promise in science are very important.The GRE general test is required. A GRE subject test is desirable, but is not required. The Test of English as a Foreign Language is required for foreign students unless they are from an English-speaking country or have a degree from a university where the instruction is primarily in English. Students may be eligible to for the transfer of some graduate credit from their previous institution. Transfer credit must be requested prior to beginning coursework at CWRU.These two courses, offered in the fall semester, emphasize the molecular approaches that form the basis of modern biology. The university also seek students with strong quantitative training who may have majored in physics or math, and offer alternative courses for these students to acquire foundations in biology. All students take IBMS 500: On Being a Professional Scientist: The Responsible Conduct of Research.Topics include experimental design and power analysis, hypothesis testing, descriptive statistics, linear regression, and others with an emphasis on when and in which experimental design a particular test is properly used.The goal of this course is to provide graduate students with an opportunity to think through their professional ethical commitments before they are tested, on the basis of the scientific community accumulated experience with the issues. Students will be brought up to date on the current state of professional policy and federal regulation in this area, and, through case studies, will discuss practical strategies for preventing and resolving ethical problems in their own work.