Most job losses in industries

The economy is expected to add about 11.5 million jobs over the 2016–26 decade, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Job Title 2016 median Pay Education Number of Jobs Job Outlook What they do
Orthodontists $159,770 Doctoral or professional degree 153,500 Overall employment of dentists is projected to grow 17 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for dental services will increase as the population ages and as research continues to link oral health to overall health. Dentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth. They provide advice and instruction on taking care of the teeth and gums and on diet choices that affect oral health.
Prosthodontists $159,770 Doctoral or professional degree 153,500 Overall employment of dentists is projected to grow 17 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for dental services will increase as the population ages and as research continues to link oral health to overall health. Dentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth. They provide advice and instruction on taking care of the teeth and gums and on diet choices that affect oral health.
Dentists, General $159,770 Doctoral or professional degree 153,500 Overall employment of dentists is projected to grow 17 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for dental services will increase as the population ages and as research continues to link oral health to overall health. Dentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth. They provide advice and instruction on taking care of the teeth and gums and on diet choices that affect oral health.
Dentists, All Other Specialists $159,770 Doctoral or professional degree 153,500 Overall employment of dentists is projected to grow 17 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for dental services will increase as the population ages and as research continues to link oral health to overall health. Dentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth. They provide advice and instruction on taking care of the teeth and gums and on diet choices that affect oral health.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons $159,770 Doctoral or professional degree 153,500 Overall employment of dentists is projected to grow 17 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for dental services will increase as the population ages and as research continues to link oral health to overall health. Dentists diagnose and treat problems with patients’ teeth, gums, and related parts of the mouth. They provide advice and instruction on taking care of the teeth and gums and on diet choices that affect oral health.
Computer and Information Systems Managers $135,800 Bachelor's degree 367,600 Employment of computer and information systems managers is projected to grow 12 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Demand for computer and information systems managers will grow as firms increasingly expand their business to digital platforms. Computer and information systems managers, often called information technology (IT) managers or IT project managers, plan, coordinate, and direct computer-related activities in an organization. They help determine the information technology goals of an organization and are responsible for implementing computer systems to meet those goals.
Architectural and Engineering Managers $134,730 Bachelor's degree 180,100 Employment of architectural and engineering managers is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth will largely reflect the growth of the industries in which these managers are employed. Architectural and engineering managers plan, direct, and coordinate activities in architectural and engineering companies.
Petroleum Engineers $128,230 Bachelor's degree 33,700 Employment of petroleum engineers is projected to grow 15 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Oil prices will be a major determinant of employment growth. Higher prices can cause oil and gas companies to increase capital investment in new facilities and expand existing production operations, along with exploration. Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the Earth’s surface. Petroleum engineers also find new ways to extract oil and gas from older wells.
Marketing Managers $127,560 Bachelor's degree 249,600 Overall employment of advertising, promotions, and marketing managers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Advertising, promotions, and marketing campaigns will continue to be essential for organizations as they seek to maintain and expand their share of the market. Advertising, promotions, and marketing managers plan programs to generate interest in products or services. They work with art directors,sales agents, and financial staff members.
Advertising and Promotions Managers $127,560 Bachelor's degree 249,600 Overall employment of advertising, promotions, and marketing managers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Advertising, promotions, and marketing campaigns will continue to be essential for organizations as they seek to maintain and expand their share of the market. Advertising, promotions, and marketing managers plan programs to generate interest in products or services. They work with art directors,sales agents, and financial staff members.
Podiatrists $124,830 Doctoral or professional degree 11,000 Employment of podiatrists is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Continued growth in the demand for medical and surgical care of the foot and ankle will stem from the aging population. Podiatrists will also be needed to treat patients with foot and ankle conditions caused by chronic conditions, such as diabetes and obesity. Podiatrists provide medical and surgical care for people with foot, ankle, and lower leg problems. They diagnose illnesses, treat injuries, and perform surgery involving the lower extremities.
Air Traffic Controllers $122,410 Associate's degree 24,900 Employment of air traffic controllers is projected to grow 3 percent from 2016 to 2016, slower than the average for all occupations. Competition for air traffic controller jobs is expected to be very strong, with many people applying for a relatively small number of jobs. Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of aircraft to maintain safe distances between them.
Pharmacists $122,230 Doctoral or professional degree 312,500 Employment of pharmacists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Increased demand for prescription medications will lead to more demand for pharmaceutical services. Pharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions. They also may conduct health and wellness screenings, provide immunizations, oversee the medications given to patients, and provide advice on healthy lifestyles.
Financial Managers $121,750 Bachelor's degree 580,400 Employment of financial managers is projected to grow 19 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Several core functions of financial managers, including risk management and cash management, are expected to be in high demand over the next decade. Financial managers are responsible for the financial health of an organization. They produce financial reports, direct investment activities, and develop strategies and plans for the long-term financial goals of their organization.
Natural Sciences Managers $119,850 Bachelor's degree 56,700 Employment of natural sciences managers is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Employment growth should be affected by many of the same factors that affect employment growth for the scientists whom these managers supervise. Natural sciences managers supervise the work of scientists, including chemists, physicists, and biologists. They direct activities related to research and development, and coordinate activities such as testing, quality control, and production.
Lawyers $118,160 Doctoral or professional degree 792,500 Employment of lawyers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Competition for jobs over the next 10 years is expected to be strong because more students graduate from law school each year than there are jobs available. Lawyers advise and represent individuals, businesses, and government agencies on legal issues and disputes.
Sales Managers $117,960 Bachelor's degree 385,500 Employment of sales managers is projected to grow 7 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth of these managers will depend primarily on growth or contraction in the industries that employ them. Sales managers direct organizations' sales teams. They set sales goals, analyze data, and develop training programs for organizations’ sales representatives.
Compensation and Benefits Managers $116,240 Bachelor's degree 15,800 Employment of compensation and benefits managers is projected to grow 5 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Competition for jobs is expected to be strong. Compensation and benefits managers plan, develop, and oversee programs to compensate employees.
Computer Hardware Engineers $115,080 Bachelor's degree 73,600 Employment of computer hardware engineers is projected to grow 5 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. A limited number of engineers will be needed to meet the demand for new computer hardware because more technological innovation takes place with software than with hardware. Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, and test computer systems and components such as processors, circuit boards, memory devices, networks, and routers.
Physicists $114,870 Doctoral or professional degree 19,900 Overall employment of physicists and astronomers is projected to grow 14 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Federal government spending for physics and astronomy research is not likely to grow as in past years, and this will dampen the need for physicists and astronomers at institutions heavily dependent on such funding. Physicists and astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact. Theoretical physicists and astronomers may study the nature of time or the origin of the universe. Some physicists design and perform experiments with sophisticated equipment such as particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and lasers.
Astronomers $114,870 Doctoral or professional degree 19,900 Overall employment of physicists and astronomers is projected to grow 14 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Federal government spending for physics and astronomy research is not likely to grow as in past years, and this will dampen the need for physicists and astronomers at institutions heavily dependent on such funding. Physicists and astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact. Theoretical physicists and astronomers may study the nature of time or the origin of the universe. Some physicists design and perform experiments with sophisticated equipment such as particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and lasers.
Political Scientists $114,290 Master's degree 7,300 Employment of political scientists is projected to grow 2 percent from 2016 to 2026, slower than the average for all occupations. Political scientists should face strong competition for jobs as the number of candidates is expected to exceed the number of available positions. Political scientists study the origin, development, and operation of political systems. They research political ideas and analyze governments, policies, political trends, and related issues.
Computer and Information Research Scientists $111,840 Master's degree 27,900 Employment of computer and information research scientists is projected to grow 19 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Computer scientists are likely to enjoy excellent job prospects, because many companies report difficulties finding these highly skilled workers. Computer and information research scientists invent and design new approaches to computing technology and find innovative uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, medicine, science, and other fields.
Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates $109,940 Doctoral or professional degree 43,800 Employment of judges and hearing officers is projected to grow 5 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. These workers play an essential role in the legal system, and their services will continue to be needed into the future. Judges and hearing officers apply the law by overseeing the legal process in courts. They also conduct pretrial hearings, resolve administrative disputes, facilitate negotiations between opposing parties, and issue legal decisions.
Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers $109,940 Doctoral or professional degree 43,800 Employment of judges and hearing officers is projected to grow 5 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. These workers play an essential role in the legal system, and their services will continue to be needed into the future. Judges and hearing officers apply the law by overseeing the legal process in courts. They also conduct pretrial hearings, resolve administrative disputes, facilitate negotiations between opposing parties, and issue legal decisions.
Aerospace Engineers $109,650 Bachelor's degree 69,600 Employment of aerospace engineers is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Aircraft are being redesigned to cause less noise pollution and have better fuel efficiency, which will help sustain demand for research and development. In addition, as international governments refocus their space exploration efforts, new companies are emerging to provide access to space beyond the access afforded by standard governmental space agencies. Aerospace engineers design primarily aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles. In addition, they create and test prototypes to make sure that they function according to design.
Nurse Midwives $107,460 Master's degree 203,800 Overall employment of nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners is projected to grow 31 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Growth will occur primarily because of an increased emphasis on preventive care and demand for healthcare services from an aging population. Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare. The scope of practice varies from state to state.
Nurse Anesthetists $107,460 Master's degree 203,800 Overall employment of nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners is projected to grow 31 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Growth will occur primarily because of an increased emphasis on preventive care and demand for healthcare services from an aging population. Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare. The scope of practice varies from state to state.
Nurse Practitioners $107,460 Master's degree 203,800 Overall employment of nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners is projected to grow 31 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Growth will occur primarily because of an increased emphasis on preventive care and demand for healthcare services from an aging population. Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare. The scope of practice varies from state to state.
Public Relations and Fundraising Managers $107,320 Bachelor's degree 73,500 Employment of public relations and fundraising managers is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Employment of public relations managers will be driven by the need for organizations to maintain their public image, especially with the growth of social media. The need to raise funds for nonprofit organizations will require more fundraising managers. Public relations managers plan and direct the creation of material that will maintain or enhance the public image of their employer or client. Fundraising managers coordinate campaigns that bring in donations for their organization.
Human Resources Managers $106,910 Bachelor's degree 136,100 Employment of human resources managers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast the average for all occupations. As new companies form and organizations expand their operations, they will need human resources managers to oversee and administer their programs and to ensure that firms adhere to changing and complex employment laws. Strong competition can be expected for most positions. Human resources managers plan, direct, and coordinate the administrative functions of an organization. They oversee the recruiting, interviewing, and hiring of new staff; consult with top executives on strategic planning; and serve as a link between an organization’s management and its employees.
Optometrists $106,140 Doctoral or professional degree 40,200 Employment of optometrists is projected to grow 17 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Because vision problems tend to occur more frequently later in life, an aging population will lead to demand for more optometrists. Optometrists examine the eyes and other parts of the visual system. They also diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries, and other disorders of the eyes. They prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses as needed.
Training and Development Managers $105,830 Bachelor's degree 34,500 Employment of training and development managers is projected to grow 10 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. Job prospects should be favorable due to the constant need for workplace training and education. Training and development managers oversee staff and plan, direct, and coordinate programs to enhance the knowledge and skills of an organization’s employees.
Commercial Pilots $105,720 124,800 Overall employment of airline and commercial pilots is projected to grow 4 percent from 2016 to 2026, slower than the average for all occupations. Most job opportunities will arise from the need to replace pilots who leave the workforce. Over the next 10 years, many pilots are expected to retire as they reach the required retirement age of 65. Airline and commercial pilots fly and navigate airplanes, helicopters, and other aircraft.
Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers $105,720 124,800 Overall employment of airline and commercial pilots is projected to grow 4 percent from 2016 to 2026, slower than the average for all occupations. Most job opportunities will arise from the need to replace pilots who leave the workforce. Over the next 10 years, many pilots are expected to retire as they reach the required retirement age of 65. Airline and commercial pilots fly and navigate airplanes, helicopters, and other aircraft.
Chief Executives $103,950 Bachelor's degree 2,572,000 Overall employment of top executives is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth will vary by occupation and industry, and is largely dependent on the rate of industry growth. Top executives are expected to face very strong competition for jobs. Top executives devise strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals. They plan, direct, and coordinate operational activities of companies and organizations.
General and Operations Managers $103,950 Bachelor's degree 2,572,000 Overall employment of top executives is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment growth will vary by occupation and industry, and is largely dependent on the rate of industry growth. Top executives are expected to face very strong competition for jobs. Top executives devise strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals. They plan, direct, and coordinate operational activities of companies and organizations.
Software Developers, Applications $102,280 Bachelor's degree 1,256,200 Employment of software developers is projected to grow 24 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Software developers will be needed to respond to an increased demand for computer software. Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Software Developers, Systems Software $102,280 Bachelor's degree 1,256,200 Employment of software developers is projected to grow 24 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Software developers will be needed to respond to an increased demand for computer software. Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.
Nuclear Engineers $102,220 Bachelor's degree 17,700 Employment of nuclear engineers is projected to grow 4 percent from 2016 to 2026, slower than the average for all occupations. Employment is projected to decline in electric power generation, but projected to increase in research and development in engineering, and in management, scientific, and technical consulting services. Nuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to derive benefits from nuclear energy and radiation. Many of these engineers find industrial and medical uses for radioactive materials—for example, in equipment used in medical diagnosis and treatment.