University of Wisconsin-Madison: Recipients of graduate degrees in molecular and environmental toxicology pursue careers in governmental agencies , private industry , and the academic communityTo qualify for graduate study in molecular and environmental toxicology, applicants normally have a bachelor degree in a biological or physical science, with at least a 3.0 GPA Applicants are required to take the Graduate Record ExamMaster’s degree students who have been absent for five or consecutive years lose all credits that they have earned before their absence.
University of Wisconsin-MadisonRanked 47 in Best National University.
Molecular and Environmental Toxicology, M.S. University of Wisconsin-Madison
College description: Molecular and environmental toxicology is a multidisciplinary subject that involves the study of mechanisms of action of environmental toxicants on humans and other organisms and the behavior of these toxicants in the environment. The UW–Madison Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center graduate program provides students with expert knowledge in at least one specialty plus a broad understanding of other specialties that contribute to the resolution of environmental toxicology problems.The program offers two general approaches: mechanisms of pathobiology of chemically induced disease and environmental activities of chemicals. Each approach is subdivided into focal areas including metabolic and genetic toxicology, neurotoxicology, and immunotoxicology and ecotoxicology, bioremediation, and distribution and assessment of environmental chemicals.Recipients of graduate degrees in molecular and environmental toxicology pursue careers in governmental agencies , private industry , and the academic communityTo qualify for graduate study in Molecular and Environmental Toxicology, applicants normally have a bachelor degree in a biological or physical science, with at least a 3.0 GPA Students with a limited number of deficiencies may be admitted, but must eliminate these deficiencies early in their graduate study. Applicants are required to take the Graduate Record ExamOnce applicant have researched the graduate program applicant are interested in, apply online.Resources to help applicant afford graduate study might include assistantships, fellowships, traineeships, and financial aid.Assuming sufficient progress to degree, financial aid is provided to all Ph.D. students, usually in the form of grant-supported research assistantships, institutional fellowships, teaching assistantships or advanced opportunity fellowships for minority or disadvantaged students.Take advantage of the convenience of online learning while participating in a rich, interactive learning environment.Grades of Incomplete are considered to be unsatisfactory if they are not removed during the next enrolled semester.Doctoral students are required to take a comprehensive preliminary oral examination after they have cleared their record of all Incomplete and Progress gradesDoctoral students are not required to complete a minor, but may do so if they wish.The Graduate Program Handbook is the repository for all of the program policies and requirements.Core courses may be appealed, subject to Graduate Achievement Committee approval.Recipients of graduate degrees in molecular and environmental toxicology pursue careers in governmental agencies , private industry , and the academic communityNot required but may be considered if available.To qualify for graduate study in molecular and environmental toxicology, applicants normally have a bachelor's degree in a biological or physical science, with at least a 3.0 GPA Applicants are required to take the Graduate Record Exam International students should also send scores of the Test of English as a Foreign Language , or International English Language Testing SystemTake advantage of the convenience of online learning while participating in a rich, interactive learning environment.The final examination for degree completion of the degree is a topic / literature review of toxicological relevance.The final examination for degree completion is the development of a masters thesis based on the research conducted.Every graduate student is required to have an advisor.Master’s degree students who have been absent for five or more consecutive years lose all credits that they have earned before their absence.All students are required to complete the AAAS Individual Development Plan following their first semester to identify strengths in their background, as well as areas where further professional development are recommended.
Yale UniversityRanked 3 in Best National University.
Admissions Requirments Plant Molecular Biology
College description: The overall aim of the Environmental Health Sciences MPH program is to provide the latest scientific information the etiology of various health conditions due to environmental exposures and to provide skills in environmental risk assessment and abatement.The university Global Health Concentration, Public Health Modeling Concentration, Regulatory Affairs Track and Climate Change and Health Program and explore ways to customize and enhance their degree.The university encourage applications from international candidates as well as domestic candidates. The GRE Subject Test is not required but can be used as support in application materials.
Columbia University in the City of New YorkRanked 4 in Best National University.
College description: This is particularly true in the domain of environmental health. The human health risks posed by environmental exposures are complex, poorly understood, and hotly contested. Societies around the world need leaders who are fluent in both environmental health sciences and in policy analysis.The Environmental Health Policy Certificate aims to produce such leaders. What differentiates this program from many other environmental policy masters programs is the strong focus in scientific research, in addition to policy training. This combination provides skills needed in environmental health science and policy at the local, national, and global levels.Additional study:Doctoral student Yale UniversityDoctoral student Harvard UniversityDoctoral student Boston University.Private sector:Analyst Citibank Senior Toxicologist Gradient Senior Director The Chertoff Group Director Decision Resources GroupOthers back an approach based on a full accounting of the benefits and costs of environmental protection. These debates occur against a backdrop of uncertainty the health risks posed by specific environmental insults. Environmental economics, in the form of benefit-cost analysis, provides the prevalent framework for thinking environmental health policy in the United States. In the university discussions of the sociology of science perspective, the university will examine how environmental health scientists interact with the policy process, and think through how such interactions might be improved.The university 2020 application will be available in June.Please note that Columbia University in the City of New York has updated the university GRE policy and no longer require this test. The university look forward to working with applicant as applicant complete their application.Log in to continue an application.Create an account to start a new application.
Northwestern UniversityRanked 13 in Best National University.
Center for Genetic MedicineThe number of applications varies from year to year, but in general Northwestern receives approximately 250 applications per year from students of diverse backgrounds The online application process opens in October, and the deadline is generally in early January.Courses that are required for biology majors.Prerequisites do not need to be completed before the application is sent int, but they must be completed before matriculation.Courses cannot be taken pass/fail and must be taken for a grade that contributes to their final GPA.Applicants with a GPA less than 3.0 may be considered if they have post degree coursework demonstrating higher grades or another graduate degree with a GPA of 3.0 or higherApplicant must take the general GRE no later than December for admission in the fall. Official scores must be taken no more than five years before the time of application and must come directly from the Educational Testing Service.Applicant do not need to retake the GRE if applicant have earned a PhD; the GRE requirement is not waived for students with a prior master’s degree or MD/DO.The Northwestern University does not accept MCAT scores in place of GRE scores.GRE scores are just one factor taken into consideration by the admissions committee. Due to the variability in the scoring of the Analytical Writing section of the GRE, the Northwestern University consider the Verbal and Quantitative sections to be most predictive of the applicant’s capabilities.The minimum acceptable paper-based TOEFL score is 600The minimum acceptable computer-based TOEFL is 100Apply online here; applicant will be required to submit a $95 application fee.Three letters of recommendation: These must be submitted online through the application. Letters from employers and volunteer experience supervisors are also acceptable. It is not advisable to submit letters from personal or family friends.Personal essay: This is submitted on the online application. Please disregard the general instructions on the application regarding what to address in the personal essay. Their essay should describe their reasons for pursuing a degree in genetic counseling at Northwestern and examples of experiences that have motivated applicant personally.The GRE requirement will be waived for applicants who have earned a PhD. The GRE requirement is not waived for students with a prior master’s degree or MD/DO. The Program does not accept MCAT scores in place of GRE scores.Supplemental form:Use this formto list prerequisite courses that are completed/in progress as well as any volunteering or shadowing experience. Please upload the form to their online application under “Supplemental Document 1."All students are required to sign up for the National Matching Services before applying.The applications are reviewed by the program's leadership, then 77 applicants are invited to Northwestern for interviews, which are held in late March and April.Northwestern University reserves the right to change without notice any statement concerning, but not limited to, rules, policies, tuition, fees, curricula and courses.
Cornell UniversityRanked 15 in Best National University.
Healthcare Policy Research
College description: It is essential that teaching, research, extension, exterior ground maintenance and structural pest control involving pesticide use be conducted properly and legally for the protection of the pesticide applicator, other employees, staff, students, public health, and the environment.Admission to graduate degree programs in Healthcare Policy & Research at Weill Cornell Medicine requires that applicants hold a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university.Their online application will include an application fee in the amount of $75.Their career goals and how this degree will help applicant achieve themOfficial transcripts will be required upon acceptance, however students may submit unofficial transcripts with their initial applicationTOEFL Scores scores are required for all international students, who have not pursued a degree at an institution that teaches their curriculum in English.
University of Southern CaliforniaRanked 25 in Best National University.
Executive Master of Health Administration AdmissionsBachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited institutionPersonal statement of purpose – a brief personal statement describing their reasons for pursuing the Executive Master of Health Administration degree, how the degree will enhance or transition their career and what applicant hope to contribute to the fieldTo be considered for admission to the Executive MHA, applicants must have a bachelor’s degree and five or more years of relevant professional experience, either in health care or a related field.Interested applicants should pre-qualify their application before beginning the official USC Graduate Admissions process.Commitment to educational and career goals, as demonstrated particularly in the written statementAbility to contribute to a collaborative learning environmentStrong recommendation letters from professional referencesNOTE: Qualified applicants are not required to take either the GRE or the GMAT to be considered for admission to the Executive MHA.Interested applicants may be requested to schedule and complete an interview as part of the application process.
Tufts UniversityRanked 27 in Best National University.
Required Application DocumentsThe application process is entirely online. All necessary documents should be uploaded to the online application by applicant, their recommenders or testing services. Applications are reviewed as they are completed, so applicants are encouraged to submit all required materials as early as possible. Applications arriving after the deadline will be considered if positions remain available in the desired program.All degree and certificate programs require a Personal Statement. Applicant can find their program's specific personal statement question on the Personal Statement page in the online application.Please upload a copy of their transcript from each college and/or university applicant have attended, regardless of whether applicant earned a degree.Only one key is necessary per institution.Official transcripts Official transcripts are only required if applicant accept an offer of admission.The GRE General Test is required of all applicants to the PhD and MS programs in the Basic Science Division.Receipt of a 2- or 4-year degree from a college or university in Australia, United Kingdom, Ireland, Anglophone Canada, or New Zealand before the program start date.A score at the 50th percentile or higher on the Verbal GRE.80 or higher for the MS degree in Pharmacology and Drug Development and the Online Certificate in Fundamentals of Clinical Care Research.7.0 or higher for Basic Science PhD degrees and PhD, MS, and Certificate in Clinical and Translational Science;6.5 or higher for the MS degree in Pharmacology and Drug Development and the Online Certificate in Fundamentals of Clinical Care Research.TOEFL Test Scores An official electronic TOEFL score report from Educational Testing Service is required.IELTS Test Scores Please upload their IELTS Test Report Form to the online application.There is a nonrefundable application fee of $90 for the PhD, MS, and Certificate programs. The fee may be paid by credit card or e-check as part of the application process.Enrollment Deposits Accepted students in the Pharmacology and Drug Development Program are required to submit a nonrefundable $1,000 enrollment deposit, which is applied to their fall semester tuition.Accepted students in the Online Certificate in Fundamentals of Clinical Care Research are required to submit a nonrefundable $500 enrollment deposit, which is applied to their tuition.
University of North Carolina at Chapel HillRanked 30 in Best National University.
UNC Adams School of Dentistry University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
College description: The university talked to them what they have learned and how they are using this information as part of a new national study to explore the impact of the environment on children’s health and improve health outcomes.In addition, when the babies had routine blood tests, researchers saved a few drops of blood for later testing, said Fry, an environmental scientist and co-principal investigator of the study.Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn researchers are now using this information to guide the design of clinical trials for medicines and treatments that may help reduce problems from inflammation.It combines 70 studies, including Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn, to focus on environmental impacts.Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes will investigate environmental exposures — including physical, chemical, biological, social, behavioral, natural and built environments — on child health and development.The study is going to greatly broaden researchers’ understanding of environmental influences during pregnancy, Fry said.For Fry and O’Shea, the Study is a once in a lifetime opportunity to collaborate with children and their families, outstanding child health researchers, and public health stakeholders to transform the university understanding of how the environment influences child health.Keep Reading Autism may arise from genetic defect during ‘scaffolding’ of developing brain.The specialty practice programs — endodontics, operative dentistry and biomaterials, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontology, and prosthodontics — are dual-specialty certificate and master of science degree programs.The oral and craniofacial biomedicine and oral epidemiology programs lead to the doctoral degree and require four or more years to complete. The oral and maxillofacial surgery program is a six-year dual-degree program with a certificate in oral and maxillofacial surgery.Required instruments, books, computers, and laboratory fees are determined by each program.The applicant must indicate an interest in pursuing the dual program at the time of application to the clinical specialty program. Students applying for the dual program must take either the Graduate Record Examination OR the Dental Aptitude Test , but are not required to take both exams.Degree recipients have the academic foundation, advanced knowledge, and skills needed to conduct, interpret, and evaluate sophisticated epidemiologic investigations and clinical research projects.The Department of Endodontics offers a three-year program leading to a certificate in endodontics and a master of science degree.The endodontics graduate program involves an integrated study of biological sciences as they pertain to endodontics, development of the clinical skills required in the broad area of the endodontic specialty, review of classic and current literature in endodontics, teaching experience, research design and methodology, and the development and completion of a research project.The oral and maxillofacial pathology program is a three-year program that awards a certificate in oral and maxillofacial pathology and a master of science degree. Upon completion of the necessary requirements each student is eligible for fellowship in the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.The oral and maxillofacial radiology program is a three-year program that awards a certificate in oral and maxillofacial radiology and a master of science degree.A formal thesis based on a selected research topic is required, including its defense before an examining committee.Students in the advanced orthodontic education program are required to demonstrate clinical and professional proficiency as well as to complete the didactic and research components of the M.S. degree prior to graduating. As the program progresses, didactic seminars gradually yield to research participation, while clinical seminars continue, and the volume of patient care increases.Successful completion of a research project is required to earn a certificate in orthodontics as well as an M.S. degree.For interested students, this program can be combined with other educational programs in the social sciences, basic sciences, or allied health professions that lead to an additional master's degree, postdoctoral fellowship, or a doctoral degree.Alternative degree programs include a master of public health and a Ph.D. in oral and craniofacial biomedicine.Though not required, elective courses are encouraged.Developed the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary in the conduct of dental hygiene programsThirty-six credit hours are required for the master of science degree.Application through the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Program Individuals without an advanced professional biomedical degree must apply through the Biological and Biomedical Sciences ProgramApplication to the endodontics program requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service A personal interview is required for admission.Applicants must possess a D.D.S., D.M.D., or equivalent degree.Application to the operative dentistry and biomaterials program requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceApplication to the orthodontics program requires submission of the required transcripts and documentation to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service A personal, on-site interview is required for admission, and interviews are made by invitation of the program after its review of applications.The pediatric dentistry program requires application through both the centralized application and matching services: Submission of the required transcripts and documentation is made to the Postdoctoral Application Support Service A personal interview is required, and interviews are made by invitation of the department after applications have been reviewed.All applications for the periodontology program, as well as transcripts and letters of reference, should be submitted through the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceAll applications for the prosthodontics program, as well as transcripts and letters of reference, should be submitted through the Postdoctoral Application Support ServiceMinimum admissions requirements for the program in dental hygiene education include current licensure, a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, and graduation from a dental hygiene program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association.Three letters of recommendation are required, as well as an admissions questionnaire by the applicant.Documentation of all is required with application.Three polioHepatitis B seriesDDS and DH students report to Campus Health and follow the testing procedures required. Advanced Dental Education students report to Employee Health and follow the testing procedures required.The matriculating student is required to submit a certificate of immunizations to UNC Campus Health Services by a published and specified date.Documentation of current certification is required of the matriculating student.Students engaged in patient care activities are required to know their tuberculosis and hepatitis B status, and are encouraged to learn their hepatitis C and HIV status.To be awarded a degree or certificate, students must satisfactorily complete all requirements of their respective program.Introduction to scientific methodology, clinical epidemiology, oral biology and technology transfer, clinical trials, evaluation of scientific literature, experiments of nature, animal models for oral research, ethnics in research, laboratory simulations and research models, and proposal writing.Grading status: Letter grade.Introduction of biostatistical concepts, sampling, descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, comparisons of means and proportions, 2x2 and r x c tables, correlation and simple regression, sample size and power, analysis of variance, factorial anova, multiple regression, and nonparametric tests.Grading status: Letter grade.The goal is to help students prepare and complete the thesis with emphasis on the results section.Grading status: Letter grade.Review of the anatomy of the head and neck region, including osteology, cardiovascular system, head and neck embryology, special sensory modalities, nervous system, functional nervous system, and extraoral correlation with the oral cavity.Grading status: Letter grade.The course will be concentrated in three areas: general clinical pharmacology principles, general clinical pharmacology of medications, specific clinical pharmacology of drugs utilized by dental practitioners.Grading status: Letter grade.Introduction to: operating room and recovery room protocol; patient cardiovascular and pulmonary evaluation; adjunct and inhalant agents; nitrous oxide; pharmacology of IV anesthetic agents; EKG interpretation; arterial blood gases; anesthesia equipment monitoring; anesthetic complications and emergencies; fluid and electrolyte and blood therapy; airway management; venipuncture; pediatric anesthesia; and pre-op evaluation, orders, and rounds.Grading status: Letter grade.5 total completions.Grading status: Letter grade.The course covers pharmacology, neuroanatomy, anatomy, neurophysiology as well as administration and techniques of local anesthesia.Grading status: Letter grade.Emphasis is placed on the practical application of theory.Grading status: Letter grade.Provides information and experience in leadership, administration, and accreditation for allied dental education programs.Grading status: Letter grade.Psychomotor skill development and analysis and remediation of performance problems are two topics related to clinical teaching that are stressed.Grading status: Letter grade.This course is designed to provide knowledge and stimulate discussion about pertinent topics in dental and allied dental education and research.Grading status: Letter grade.This full semester internship provides the student with the opportunity to student teach in an allied dental program.Grading status: Letter grade.6 total completions.Grading status: Letter grade.Topics include extracellular matrices, immunology, inflammation, neurobiology, and pain management.Grading status: Letter grade.Topics include extracellular matrices, immunology, inflammation, neurobiology, and pain management.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:NBIO 721.Both growth and development and pathophysiology will be introduced in the context of three areas of oral biology: biology of extracellular matrices, host-pathogens interactions, and orofacial neurobiology.Grading status: Letter grade.Both growth and development and pathophysiology will be introduced in the context of three areas of oral biology: biology of extracellular matrices, host-pathogens interactions, and orofacial neurobiology.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:NBIO 732, PHCO 747.This is a clinician-taught course that advances students' understanding of chronic pain in both the classroom and the clinic.Requisites: Prerequisite, OBIO 732; Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.Grading status: Letter gradeSame as:PHCO 748.Seminar series that will give generic instructions covering grant writing skills and structure, as well as offer insight for scientific writing.Grading status: Letter grade.Also includes odontogenic cysts, salivary gland disease, oral epithelial and mesenchymal neoplasms, bone and joint diseases, nerve muscle diseases, dermatological diseases, and blood diseases.Grading status: Letter grade.Continuation of ORPA 762.Grading status: Letter grade.Students may be required to develop a case presentation for this seminar.Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit.Student will participate in preclinical laboratory instruction and evaluation procedures.Grading status: Letter grade.This course involves application of the principles of in-vitro testing of dental materials. Students will be required to prepare, subject them to specified testing, and collect data.Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit.Seminars, laboratory, and clinical sessions to provide experience in advanced oral radiologic procedures.Grading status: Letter grade.Literature review, seminars, and clinical experience in advanced radiologic diagnosis.Grading status: Letter grade.
University of RochesterRanked 33 in Best National University.
Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology
College description: Supporting basic and clinical research on the modulation of disease processes by environmental and occupational agents.Established in 1975, the Rochester Environmental Health Sciences Center is one of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Core Centers of Excellence. The university missionis to improve public health through the discovery of the ways by which environmental exposures, singly or in combination, contribute to health risk across the lifespan, and to translate discoveries into strategies to mitigate risks and improve human health.The centraltheme that guides and integrates the university Center is understanding that cumulative exposures and interactions of environmental factors affect health and disease across the lifespan.Environmental factors contribute to disease development and progression, and hold the key to discovering ways to prevent and cure disease.Environmental exposures include chemicals, microorganisms, psychological and physical stressors, as well as nutritional and dietary factors, which act in conjunction with age, sex, and the presence of other disease states.Environmental exposures vary by geographical location, urban or rural environment, lifestyle, and occupation. These can enhance or lessen the impact of an environmental exposure, and appreciating that both are possible is centrally important to improving health.Environmental exposures do not occur singly but as mixtures of risk and protective factors, with potential interactive effects.The broad-based scientific diversity of the university center members ideally positions us to use effective, integrative, and innovative strategies to address critical questions in environmental health sciences.The CEC is a source of environmental health information for the entire community.There is a $60 non-refundable application fee.Complete the University of Rochester online application.Please scan and upload an official or unofficial copy of their transcript to their application. Applicant will be required to provide the University with an official transcript upon acceptance.The Advanced Psychology test is required for the Clinical Program, for Social and Developmental programs this test is optionalResults of GREs taken in December may not reach us in time to consider with their applicationThe university will notify interviewees of their status before the University's April 15 deadline.The university regret that the university cannot honor requests for interviews initiated by applicants.
Case Western Reserve UniversityRanked 38 in Best National University.
School of Medicine
College description: Conservation, Compassion and Awe in Yellowstone National Park: Environmental Ethics and Human Health information session.Visit the oldest national park in the United States this summer with a May term program offered through the Bioethics.Conservation, Compassion and Awe in Yellowstone National Park: Environmental Ethics and Human Health is a three-credit spring semester course listed as BETH315Y and BETH415Y.Students will learn conservation ethics and human relationships with the environment and other species as they impact human health across multiple levels.There will be a focus on American bison to understand the multi-level issues over time in culture, politics, environment, human behavior and health.Father-daughter graduates to celebrate special commencement day May 19.Their application will be reviewed by a panel of experienced research scientists who represent the participating PhD programs in the BSTP.The Case Western Reserve University does not require GRE scores, but the university're happy to see the scores if applicant take the test.During each research rotation, the students will spend at least 20 hours per week in the lab, acquiring new techniques, learning about the lab's research areas, and interacting with the other members of the lab.This will get applicant off to a great start.On average, it requires approximately 5.5 years to complete a degree. Scholarly peer-reviewed publications are required for graduation.
Boston UniversityRanked 42 in Best National University.
Graduate Medical Sciences
College description: Build their proficiency with state-of-the-art tools that help applicant to understand and evaluate the toxicology and health effects of environmental hazards and the risks associated with exposure.Collect and analyze environmental data and articulate the characteristics of major chemical, physical, and biological hazards.Evaluate the influence of susceptibility based on a hazards’ biological mode of action, and vulnerability on health risks for major environmental determinants of human disease.Identify defensible intervention and prevention strategies to improve health through reduction in exposures to environmental hazards.Critically assess articles related to environmental impacts on health, analyzing the strength and validity of the hypothesis, study design and methods, results, conclusions, and public health significance of primary research studies.The student will work on a case study either based on a case from a project-based class or an idea developed independently, in either case approved by the certificate director.The Clinical Research programs offer rolling admissions and review applications throughout the year. However, it is recommended that applicant submit their application by mid Julyfor Fall admission and early December for Spring admission.Note that the GRE is not required for applicants with graduate level degrees including masters and doctoral degrees or for international bachelor of medicine degrees such as the MBBS.Applicants should adhere to the requirements for all applications to the Division of Graduate Medical Sciences. New prospective students who are applying as “non-degree” are required to complete the standard application.
University of California-IrvineRanked 42 in Best National University.
Genetic Counseling MS
College description: Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology: Current research focuses on roles of oxidative stress in mediating ovarian toxicity of occupational and environmental exposures, on the developmental origins of premature ovarian failure and ovarian cancer, and of antioxidants in protecting against ovarian toxicity.Neurotoxicology: Research focuses on the impact of environmental factors, such as copper in drinking water and particulate matter air pollution upon the expression of chronic degenerative neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, is increasingly relevant as the population ages.Inhalation, cardiovascular, and immune toxicology: Research focuses on the roles of inflammation and oxidative stress as initiators of cardiopulmonary injury after exposure to ambient and laboratory-generated particle and gas mixtures.Is committed to provided education and professional training in counseling and medical genetics, leading to a Master’s Degree in Genetic Counseling.This combination gives the students an opportunity to apply the information that they are learning in class, as they work with their supervisors to help people understand and adapt to the implications of genetic variation for their health.GP The University of California requires a minimum GPA of 3.0 for graduate admission.GRE: General test scores must be submitted. Official GRE scores will be forwarded to the Division by Research and Graduate Studies. To avoid delay in application review, candidates should record their scores in the appropriate place on the application or send a photocopy directly to the division as soon as they receive them.A minimum of three letters of recommendation is required. The letters may be submitted online.Please include their match ID in the "Statement of Purpose" section of the application.The tuition, fees, and charges posted to their billing statement or account are estimates based on currently approved amounts.The non-refundable eTech Fee is required of all students and is used to support the maintenance and improvement of existing education technology, and new services and capabilities.