Masters programs in Nursing Science which do not require GRE - Updated 2020
For admissions to masters degree program in Nursing Science at Best Universities, GRE, GPA requirements are
Online Masters in Nursing Science No GRE - Updated 2020
Yale UniversityRanked 3 in Best National University.
Yale School of Nursing
College description: Scholarly work includes a praxis or capstone with a global health focus or at least one document submitted to the master’s portfolio with a global health focus.
Programs offered include: GEPN Direct Master’s degree, Post Master’s Certificate who wish to be certified in another specialty) and DNPScores from either the TOEFL or the IELTS are required of all non-native English speakers.Tuition approximately $46,592 per year full time, part time is determined per term according to the total number of years it takes to complete the degree requirements.Post Master’s Certificate in Nursing ProgramCandidates must submit a writing sample with their application. This may be a copy of master’s thesis or praxis, research paper, article, or a piece of professional writing from a journal or newsletter.If the applicant’s BS degree is not in nursing, the master’s degree MUST be in nursing.Graduate level Statistics course is required.Tuition is approximately $30,872 per year.Prequired.hD Program or MSN/PhD
Bachelor's or Master's Degree in NursingNote: Applicants currently enrolled in a Master's Degree program who are nearing completion of their program can apply to the PhD program.Note: Admitted applicants may be required to enroll in additional nursing credits to ensure adequate preparation.GP the Columbia University in the City of New York does not have a minimum GPA for admission into the programTOEFL Exam ScoreFor general application requirements, please visit the university Application Requirements page.It is required that completed courses have a grade of a C or better.
Accelerated BSN Second Degree • • Penn Nursing
College description: It emphasizes the integration of knowledge from other disciplines and of nursing science as the basis for practice.This course emphasizes not only how nursing is practiced, but also where it is practiced. These experiences also explore the place of the natural and social sciences and the arts and humanities in nursing practice.The course links the Penn Compact 2020 to the four core themes of Penn BSN nursing program: engagement, inquiry, judgment, and voice. It introduces phenomena of concern to nursing, contextualizes societal meanings of nursing practice and health care delivery across time and place, and stresses the importance of nursing science as the basis for practice. Emphasis is placed on debate, critical analysis, and constructing a logical and lucid verbal and written argument regarding issues related to professional nursing practice and health care delivery.This is a laboratory course designed to help beginning nursing students to develop competence in the process of physical assessment.Prerequisite: Matriculation in the Accelerated BSN Nursing Program.Notes: For Students in Accelerated BSN Nursing Program Only.Laboratories exercises and case study analysis provide a contextual base to acquire and use domain-specific knowledge of concern to the practice of nursing.This course considers how nursing influences the health and healing capacities of infants, children, adolescents and their families.
The BSN Second Degree program is for those that have a bachelor’s degree in a non-nursing field and are interested in pursuing a second career in nursing. This program is the most accelerated option available at Penn to complete their BSN as a second degree student.Completed online application: please know that applicant may only apply to one program option, BSN Second Degree, BSN-MSN, or the Hillman BSN-PhD ProgramPersonal statement: applicant will be given the question once applicant start the application processTwo letters of recommendation: one of which must be academic; the university urge applicant to choose recommenders who know applicant well enough to speak confidently as to their abilities and chances of success in this rigorous program; these must be submitted online, without exception, through the online applicationTranscripts: Unofficial copies of all of their post-secondary transcripts, including transcripts for any classes applicant might have taken at a community college or while studying abroad must be uploaded for review purposes.Video Interview: Question Prompts will be available once their start the application processA GPA of 3.0 or higher is preferred.Transcript Evaluation: Applicants with international degrees and/or coursework must have their educational credentials evaluated, course-by-course, using a member of the National Association of Credential Evaluation ServicesResults from the TOEFL or the academic IELTS taken within the last two years for all non-native English speakers. A minimum score of 100 on the TOEFL is required. For the IELTS, a minimum combined score of 7.0 is required, with each subsection having scores of at least 7.0.If applicant are currently enrolled in a bachelor’s degree program, and want to start one of the university accelerated programs, applicant may apply for admission. However, the university decision and their ability to matriculate will depend on the successful completion of their bachelor’s degree. Since all prerequisite courses must be completed before applicant can start the program in June, it is recommended that current students complete their degree by May 31st.
Graduate Record Exam
College description: The university nursing science program is a research-focused doctoral education program that grants the Doctor of Philosophy degree.Requirements for the degree include successful completion of advanced course work, a qualifying examination paper, an oral qualifying examination, and dissertationThe university live webinars include information concerning of the PhD in Nursing Science Program, program format, application process and components and funding.Clinical Research PhD in Nursing Science Clinical Research Track. These treatments may involve physical , psychological and or educational therapies. Investigations may include research psychological, physiological and genetic determinants.Health Services Research PhD in Nursing Science Health Services Research Track. This research endeavors to answer questions regarding the effects current and proposed legal, social and economic policies may have on delivery systems.Program Philosophy Program Degree Requirements Block Intensives Curriculum .
Only post-master’s certificate program applicants that have already completed a master of science in nursing degree at a college or university in the United States are not required to take the GRE.The GRE General Test, available year round in many locations, is administered at 225 test centers in the United States and Canada, as well as in many overseas locations.
MSN APRN Admissions Requirements • University of Virginia School of Nursing
College description: Two others who have significantly contributed to the book’s creation are Dr. Susan Swasta, archivist for the Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, and Karen Ratzlaff, director of Alumni Affairs and Donor Relations.The history of nursing is bound up with and inseparable from the general histories of health care and of women.Nursing is no longer the sole domain of women. Throughout its long history, nursing has been a field in which women and men could contribute to what Jefferson called the common good.The contributions made by nurses and nursing students at the students.Va. are immeasurable, and are an important part of the long tradition of service, education, and research at this institution.The University of Virginia is a better place because of the thousands of women and men who chose nursing as their profession and who chose this institution as the threshold to that career.One hundred years after those first brave women entered the the students.Va. nursing program to staff a new hospital, the university look back on incredible change in the profession and in the university institution. Over the years University of Virginia-Main Campus has built on the legacy of competency, compassion, creativity, and commitment demonstrated by those early graduates.Now the University of Virginia-Main Campus is poised at the brink of a new century in nursing education at the University of Virginia.The University of Virginia-Main Campus is becoming increasingly well known for the university research programs in mental health services, complementary and alternative therapies, violence against women, critical care nursing, health care history, health promotion, and the key issues surrounding the end of life.It will be remarkable to see where nursing is headed!Clinical instruction with skeleton Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, University of Virginia.It is also the story of a partnership between nurses and physicians that led to a transformation of nineteenth-century hospitals from almshouses, with a hint of medicine, into therapeutic institutions where medical science and caring nursing personnel gave patients relief from their suffering and cures for their diseases.Martin, the first superintendent of nursing, University of Virginia Hospital, 1901.Martin,the first superintendent of nursing,University of Virginia Hospital, 1901.During the first two months of the program, referred to as the probationary period, pupils were taught basic nursing skills in the hospital, including the care and feeding of patients plus the rigorous cleaning of the ward and equipment.
Admissions requirements for the advanced practice tracks in the MSN degree programSubmit a total of three satisfactory recommendations , one of which should be from an APRN.A minimum of one year of full-time, relevant clinical nursing experience is necessary before enrolling in GNUR 6020 , GNUR 6025 , and the clinical practica.GRE:the university no longer require GRE scores as a component of the application.A BSN GPA of 3.25 or higher;
University of Michigan School of Nursing
College description: Advisory pre-requisite: Nursing 503 505 or 506 P654 or P660 or concurrent.Advisory pre-requisite: Nursing 507 505 or 506.Advisory pre-requisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructorAdvisory pre-requisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.Advisory pre-requisite: Graduate StandingAdvisory pre-requisite: Pharmacology 659, Nursing 503, Nursing 502Advisory pre-requisite: Graduate Student Status or permission of InstructorAdvisory pre-requisite: Graduate standingAdvisory pre-requisite: NURS 556, 651, graduate level course in microeconomics and permission of instructor.Advisory pre-requisite: Doctoral student or permission of instructor.Advisory pre-requisite: Epidemiology, graduate level statisticsAdvisory pre-requisite: NURS 821, 570, two graduate statistics courses.Advisory pre-requisite: N801 or equivalent for students in disciplines other than Nursing.Advisory pre-requisite: Masters level research methods course and STATS course or equivalent NURS 801 permission of instructor.
If applicant apply by the early action deadline of November 1, applicant will receive their admission decision no later than December 24. If applicant apply by the regular decision deadline of February 1, applicant will receive their decision by early April.Due to the required clinical sequencing of the program, it cannot be accelerated.Students work regularly with UMSN advisors in order to plan their schedule and complete all required coursework.If applicant are not currently a the students-M student and would like to complete any prerequisite coursework at the University of Michigan, applicant will need to apply as a guest or non-degree seeking student.Further, courses/transcripts are reviewed as part of the application process. Applicant must apply and pay their application fee for their transcripts to be reviewed.Though these programs are taught in a web-based format, there will be some on campus-experiences required throughout the program.Applicants are not required to have work experience.The NursingCAS application is used to determine scholarships; applicants do not need to submit additional applications.It is recommended that applicants update their resume, personal statement, and recommendations for the new application year and new programThe Recruiting & Admissions team also offers on-campus and online application information sessions for prospective students to gain more information about the application and admissions process.All completed applications will be reviewed holistically by the Admissions Committee. Applicants who submit all required application material will also be required to complete a video assessment in addition to the university online application. The purpose of these interviews is to assess each applicant's fit for the program to which they applied and evaluate their understanding of the scope of practice.No courses are required prior to starting their program.Official GRE scores are required and are part of the admission review process to the Ph.D. program. Applicants to the Ph.D. program are encouraged to try and obtain competitive GRE scores prior to applying. This may require taking the GRE more than once.Unfortunately, there are no application fee waivers available.Students are required to enroll in three terms per year. Students who prefer a slower pace of progression may elect the Tailored Program Plan. This five-year program plan is best suited for students nable to accommodate the time commitments required of a full-time program.The DNP is designed for nurses seeking a terminal degree in nursing practice and offers an alternative to research-focused doctoral programs.Courses are offered with a blend of online and on-campus time; students are required to attend a campus lecture each month.Unfortunately, there are no application fee waivers available at this time.
Boston CollegeRanked 31 in Best National University.
Connell School of Nursing
College description: Graduates of the Direct Master Entry program change their careers and make an immediate impact as nurse practitioners in Boston and across the country.Direct Master’s Entry students may choose from adult-gerontology primary care, family health, pediatric primary care, psychiatric mental health, and women’s health.Nursing Practice and Public Health in the Community.Assessment data are used to ensure that ‘best practices’ in nursing education are employed. In addition to these efforts the graduate nursing program maintains its accreditation by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education.Implement a philosophy of nursing congruent with the Judeo-Christian values that support the intrinsic worth of each human being.Synthesize theory, research, and values within a conceptual framework to guide advanced practice nursing in a specialized area.Integrate knowledge from science and the humanities to generate diagnostic, therapeutic, and ethical nursing and health care.AACN: The Essentials of Master’s Education in Nursing .AACN Commission on Colleges of Nursing Education –Accreditation.Direct master’s entry students are required to complete prerequisite courses prior to the start of the program.Course may be waived for students with biology neuroscience degrees in good academic standing.
The university look forward to reviewing their application in its entirety.A bachelor’s degree from a nationally accredited nursing programNote: CSON does not require a GRE score for students applying to the Post-Bacc DNP and Post-Master's DNP programs$40 application feeApplicant must ensure that the name on their transcript exactly matches the name on their application.Letters of recommendation must be submitted electronically.References will have the option to upload a supporting letter in Word or PDF format.If applicant would like their references to receive the electronic form before applicant have completed the online application, applicant may go directly to the “Recommendations” link on the application and register their references before filling out the rest of the form.Goal statement that articulates academic and career goalsTOEFL - Evidence of English Proficiency Official TOEFL scores are required for students whose native language is other than English. The following scores indicate minimum score requirements: 100 on the TOEFL iBT ; 7.5 on the IELTS Band ; 600 or greater on the paper-based test 250 on the CBT test Student copies or photocopies of TOEFL are not accepted.Suspended or Revoked License Explanation FormLearning Disability Documentation FormSupplementary Information FormOffiicial transcripts are required for application.‡ Not a requirement for additional specialty certificate applicants Massachusetts RN license is required for matriculation but an unrestricted RN license from any state is acceptable for the application processGoal statementthat articulates academic and career goals, as well as an understanding of the nurse anesthetist roleEvidence of all required licensure and certificationA bachelor’s degree or higher from an accredited college or universityAdmission to the Direct Entry DNP and Direct Entry Nursing Generalist programs is highly competitive and the number of applications far exceeds the number of available seats.The direct entry route prepares those with a baccalaureate degree or higher in non-nursing fields for advanced practice nursing. During the first full-time 12 months of study, students complete all requirements to become registered nurses; students will not receive another bachelor’s degree but will progress to the master’s degree.Direct entry students are required to complete prerequisite courses prior to the start of the program.For coursework completed before applying, please submit transcripts as part of their application. For coursework that applicant plan to complete after applying but before starting the program, please indicate this on the application and submit transcripts following course completion.Courses must include lab and must have been taken within five years of application.Microbiology with Lab Course must include lab and must have been taken within five years of application.PathophysiologyCourse must have been taken within five years of application.Course waiver may be applied upon admission review for students with a biology or neuroscience degree.Their letter writer should be able to speak to their abilities in the classroom setting.Two Essays in a single PDF file. Applicants should respond to the two essay questions listedSuspended or Revoked Nursing License Explanation FormAn associate’s degree from a nationally accredited nursing programNote: CSON does not require a GRE score for students applying to the RN to DNP and RN to MS Nursing Generalist programsAdditional Requirements for RNs with a Diploma or Associate’s Degree in NursingA master's degree from a nationally accredited university in nursing or a related fieldIf applicant would like their references to receive the electronic form before applicant have completed the online application, applicant may go directly to the "Recommendations" link on the application and register their references before filling out the rest of the form.Goal statement that articulates their academic and career goalsExcellence in writing, sample essay of course paper, or manuscript submitted by applicantNote: CSON does not require a GRE score for students applying to the non degree program
College description: The 15-month Accelerated Program is for students with a baccalaureate degree in another field offers options for students who want to make a career change to nursing. Students must complete or satisfy the requirements for prerequisite courses in nutrition, chemistry, statistics, anatomy and physiology, microbiology, and developmental psychology, and complete 64 credits of nursing courses. Students with a baccalaureate degree in another field who have successfully completed the prerequisite courses in nutrition, chemistry, statistics, anatomy and physiology, microbiology, and developmental psychology can complete the BS in nursing program in 15 months.Concepts learned in this course are basic to nursing practice.Using nursing theory, students apply the nursing process and nursing skills in the on-campus laboratory practice and in the care of adult clients and their significant others in clinical settings such as acute care facilities and skilled nursing facilities.Nursing is identified as a learned, valued profession emphasis is on the influence of history in its evolution. Contemporary nursing workforce, educational trends, and practice issues are explored as primary factors in professional status. Ethical and legal aspects of nursing practice are discussed. Political and economic factors shaping nursing practice in the health care delivery system are defined, evaluated, and compared to other health systems.The course focuses on the conceptual and research development of nursing knowledge that forms the basis of evidence-based practice.
The university master's programs are designed for nurses seeking advanced roles in clinical practice , nursing administration, education, and informatics while providing the necessary foundation for doctoral study.Graduates of the NYU Meyers MS and AC programs in nursing are educated and prepared to work in various advanced practice roles according to their specified population and degree/advanced certificate.All master's students are required to complete the core of 9 credits in addition to their concentration's coursework.The course provides the foundations necessary to understand elementary biostatistics and applications of biostatistics in the medical literature.A BS in nursing or BS/BA in a non-nursing field together with an associate's degree in nursingPrior to entering the specialty courses of a respective nursing master's program, at least one year of full-time clinical experience as a registered nurse is required.At least one year of clinical nursing experience with adults and older adults is required.Prior to entering the specialty courses of the pediatrics program, at least one-year full-time clinical experience as a registered nurse in pediatrics is required.Pediatric Advanced Life Support certification is required prior to entering the first clinical pediatric clinical course.Prior to entering the specialty courses of the psychiatric mental health program, at least one-year full-time clinical experience as a registered nurse in psychiatric mental health is required.Prior to entering the specialty courses of the nursing education program, at least three years of full-time clinical experience as a registered nurse is required.Prior to participating in clinical learning experiences at any off-campus healthcare facility, students are required to complete a criminal background check and a drug test.Equal Opportunity Statement NYU Meyers does not discriminate due to race, color, creed, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender and/or gender identity or expression, marital or parental status, national origin, ethnicity, citizenship status, veteran or military status, age, disability, or any other legally protected basis.The summer semester accepts applications for Family NP, Nursing Administration, Nursing Education, Nursing Informatics, and Palliative CareThe application for the university MS programs can be accessed here.The university can review applications with unofficial transcripts.A two- to three-page personal statement.At least two letters of recommendation.Applicant may submit an application with an out-of-state license, but admitted students must obtain a New York State RN license prior to beginning coursework at NYU Meyers.Their application will not be reviewed without these documents.For applicants whose native language is not English, a copy of their latest TOEFL or IELTS score is required. The university require a minimum TOEFL internet-based score of 100 and an IELTS Band score of 7.All deadlines listed are 'in office' deadlines, not postmark deadlines. Should any of the dates listed fall on a weekend, the deadline will be the next working day.After submitting their application, applicant may check on their admissions status using their application login.Application Fee The application fee is $80 dollars. Their application will not be processed until their application fee has been paid.Fee Waivers NYU Meyers waives fees for applications based on financial hardship or US military service/US veteran status.The GRE is not required for graduate admission.Their letter of recommendation should comment on their maturity, intellectual potential, and motivation to further their career in nursing.For instance, if applicant are applying for the early action deadline of November 1 for Spring entry, applicant can expect to hear a response by the end of November.
MS-PhD Combined Accelerated Programs
College description: The university programs were designed to create flexible ways to study and earn their master’s degree while working full-time.Director, Master ProgramsSpecialty Director, Adult-Gerontology Primary Care NP Program.Co-Specialty Director, HCM programSpecialty Director, Nursing Education program.UR Nursing Student Curates Art Show on Addiction.Percentage of UR Nursing master students employed in the nursing field within a year of graduation.
Learning experiences are tailored toward their goals to help applicant build research skills and partner with researchers across many disciplines.Competitive scores on the GRE within the past five yearsThree letters of referenceFor international students, TOEFL with a minimum score of 560 , 230 or 88See details on how to submit an application.MS and PhD courses are taken in a very rigorous three years of full-time enrollment after which the master’s degree is awarded.
Graduate Entry Nursing
College description: Because the MN program is a grad entry program the Case Western Reserve University is admitted and prepared for the MSN program here at Case Western Reserve - allowing us to focus on the university studies and not on applying at another program.
Most courses are offered in a distance-friendly format.Certain MSN majors require experience as an RN and/or a separate interview or application process. An RN license is required to take MSN clinical courses.The DNP degree is a post-MSN degree. Students must hold an MSN in order to earn the DNP degree.Both the DNP and PhD are terminal degrees in nursing.The Deadline for Applications to be completed for Fall enrollment decision is March 1 of that year.Applicants can be admitted to the program before they have completed the required pre-requisite courses or degree. The offer of admission letter will state the requirements to be met prior to enrollment.The GRE/MAT are not required for application. While the GRE/MAT test scores are not required to apply, the scores may be requested for an admission decision.It is similar to the GRE in that it assesses quantitative and verbal skills and reasoning.Note: the GMAT is required for the MSN/MBA program.GRE scores will enhance an application to the CRNA program.If the university receive more than one set of scores for the GRE, the university will consider the highest score for each test on the GRE Note: The GRE/MAT are not required for application.If applicant have their copy of the test scores or can acquire them on an official document , the university will use those scores if needed. Note: While the GRE/MAT test scores are not required to apply, the scores may be requested for an admission decision.The university look at each applicant individually by reviewing all parts of the application file.The official evaluation is done at the time the application is reviewed for an admission decision.Admitted applicants or enrolled students who have taken a course they believe is equivalent to a course required in the university curriculum may apply for credit transfer.Therefore, the Case Western Reserve University does not require the university students commit to a Specific MSN Specialty until they enroll in the MSN clinical coursesIn order to assess whether an applicant’s educational/career goals fit with the university program, the Case Western Reserve University does ask applicants about their specialty interestDepending on their MSN Major and specialty, it may be possible to complete their MSN via distance. Some MSN students may complete their required clinical experiences via distance as well with sufficient planning and notification.Applicant will be required to provide care for a variety of diverse patients in increasingly complex healthcare situations throughout their nursing clinical experiences.
Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at UC Davis
College description: The Master’s Entry Program in Nursing prepares new nurses as leaders in quality and safety and advocates for diverse patient populations and agents of change for healthier communities. Graduates of the program are qualified to take the national licensing examination for registered nurses, eligible for certification as a public health nurse and earn a Master of Science in Nursing Degree.
Applicants must submit their application approximately one year in advance. Applications open by May 1 and close July 15. This includes all prerequisite course work, 1,000 hours of clinical experience, transcripts and letters of recommendation. No changes may be made to the application once it is submitted. IMPORTANT: Application and materials must have a “complete” or ”verified” status by the July 15 deadline. This also includes applications that utilize the Professional Transcript Entry Service. It is the applicants’ responsibility to monitor the status of their applications and application materials on a regular basis. NursingCAS and CASPA do NOT notify applicants if the application is incomplete or documents are missing. Applications and application materials with a “complete” or “verified” status by the July 15 deadline are considered for admission. PTE does not begin until the application and all documents are received and may take more than 10 business days to complete. Applications do not receive a “complete” status until the PTE is completed and approved. A statement of purpose is the required essay submission for the CASPA and NursingCAS application processes. Applicants invited to complete the UC Davis Graduate Studies application are required to submit additional essays at that time. Applicants can track letters of recommendation through their NursingCAS or CASPA accounts. Letters of recommendation must be submitted using the online recommendation service required in NursingCAS or CASPA. Hard copy letters are not accepted. Letters of recommendation should describe the applicant’s strengths and potential, as well as major weaknesses, for completing the program and moving forward with a successful career as a physician assistant or nurse practitioner. For prerequisite science courses, only the highest grade is used to calculate an applicant’s science prerequisite GPA. All courses must be completed in full prior to submitting an application. Therefore, they are not available to answer questions about admissions requirements or about the application process. Applicants must submit their applications approximately one year in advance. The Master’s Entry Program in Nursing is a graduate program designed for individuals who already earned a bachelor’s degree in a different field and seek to transition into clinical nursing and leadership roles. The Master’s Entry Program in Nursing is designed for individuals with a bachelor’s degree in another discipline who seek to transition into nursing. Some of the highlights of this approach are the program’s use of case-based and problem-based learning. Applicants, however, are required to complete all program prerequisites and admission requirements to be eligible for the entry-level master’s-degree program. Applications open on by May 1 and close Aug. PTE does not begin until the application and all documents have been received and may take up to 10 business days to complete. Applications are not given a “complete” status until the PTE is completed and approved. It is not recommended to use this service if submitting an application in June. Following that process, a select pool of qualified applicants are invited to apply to the UC Davis Graduate Studies Application. This should be clearly communicated in the essay. The university require three letters of recommendation. Letters of recommendation must be submitted through NursingCAS, and applicants can track letters of recommendation through their online accounts. Hard copy letters are not be accepted, and references should be current, from within the last two years. Letters of recommendation for the Master’s Entry Program in Nursing should describe the applicant’s strengths and potential, as well as major weaknesses, for completing the program and moving forward with a successful career in nursing. The statements should relate past experiences to a career in nursing, understanding of the profession and future career goals. This includes all prerequisite course work, transcripts and letters of recommendation. IMPORTANT: their application and materials must have a “complete” or “verified” status by the Aug. It is the applicants' responsibility to monitor the status of their applications and application materials on a regular basis. NursingCAS does NOT notify applicants if applications are incomplete or if documents are missing. Applications and application material with a”complete” or”verified” status by the Aug. Master’s-degree leadership and doctoral program core classes are typically conducted weekly on Thursday afternoons and from 8 am to 5 pm on Fridays. Applicants are required to submit three letters of recommendation. In addition, international applicants and graduates must submit a course-by-course evaluated transcript and complete a TOEFL prior to submitting an application. All applicants interested in applying to the physician assistant program or Master’s Entry Program in Nursing must complete all required prerequisites, regardless of their academic or professional backgrounds. A foreign medical degree does not serve in the place of prerequisite course work. GSA is the oldest and largest interdisciplinary scientific organization devoted to the advancement of gerontological research, learning and practice.